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1

### AIEEE 2005

The normal to the curve
$$x = a\left( {\cos \theta + \theta \sin \theta } \right),y = a\left( {\sin \theta - \theta \cos \theta } \right)$$ at any point
$$\theta\, '$$ is such that
A
it passes through the origin
B
it makes an angle $${\pi \over 2} + \theta$$ with the $$x$$-axis
C
it passes through $$\left( {a{\pi \over 2}, - a} \right)$$
D
it is at a constant distance from the origin

## Explanation

$$x = a\left( {\cos \theta + \theta \sin \theta } \right)$$

$$\Rightarrow {{dx} \over {d\theta }} = a\left( { - \sin \theta + \sin \theta + \theta \cos \theta } \right)$$

$$\Rightarrow {{dx} \over {d\theta }} = a\theta \cos \theta \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,...\left( 1 \right)$$

$$y = a\left( {\sin \theta - \theta \cos \theta } \right)$$

$${{dy} \over {d\theta }} = a\left[ {\cos \theta - \cos \theta + \theta \sin \theta } \right]$$

$$\Rightarrow {{dy} \over {d\theta }} = a\theta \sin \theta \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,...\left( 2 \right)$$

From equations $$(1)$$ and $$(2),$$ we get

$${{dy} \over {dx}} = \tan \theta \Rightarrow$$ Slope of normal $$= - \cot \,\theta$$

Equation of normal at

$$'\theta '$$ is $$y - a\left( {\sin \theta - \theta \cos \theta } \right)$$

$$= - \cot \theta \left( {x - a\left( {\cos \theta + \theta \sin \theta } \right)} \right.$$

$$\Rightarrow y\sin \theta - a{\sin ^2}\theta + a\,\,\theta \cos \theta \sin \theta$$

$$= - x\cos \theta + a{\cos ^2}\theta + a\,\theta \sin \theta \cos \theta$$

$$\Rightarrow x\cos \theta + y\sin \theta = a$$

Clearly this is an equation of straight line -

which is at a constant distance $$'a'$$ from origin.
2

### AIEEE 2005

A spherical iron ball $$10$$ cm in radius is coated with a layer of ice of uniform thickness that melts at a rate of $$50$$ cm$$^3$$ /min. When the thickness of ice is $$5$$ cm, then the rate at which the thickness of ice decreases is
A
$${1 \over {36\pi }}$$ cm/min
B
$${1 \over {18\pi }}$$ cm/min
C
$${1 \over {54\pi }}$$ cm/min
D
$${5 \over {6\pi }}$$ cm/min

## Explanation

Given that

$${{dv} \over {dt}} = 50\,c{m^3}/\min$$

$$\Rightarrow {d \over {dt}}\left( {{4 \over 3}\pi {r^3}} \right) = 50$$

$$\Rightarrow 4\pi {r^2}{{dr} \over {dt}} = 50$$

$$\Rightarrow {{dr} \over {dt}} = {{50} \over {4\pi {{\left( {15} \right)}^2}}} = {1 \over {18\pi }}\,\,cm/\min \,\,$$

(here $$r=10+5)$$
3

### AIEEE 2005

Area of the greatest rectangle that can be inscribed in the
ellipse $${{{x^2}} \over {{a^2}}} + {{{y^2}} \over {{b^2}}} = 1$$
A
$$2ab$$
B
$$ab$$
C
$$\sqrt {ab}$$
D
$${a \over b}$$

## Explanation

Area of rectangle $$ABCD$$ $$= 2a\,\cos \,\theta$$

$$\left( {2b\,\sin \,\theta } \right) = 2ab\,\sin \,2\theta$$ $$\Rightarrow$$ Area of greatest rectangle is equal to $$2ab$$

When $$\sin \,2\theta = 1.$$
4

### AIEEE 2004

The normal to the curve x = a(1 + cos $$\theta$$), $$y = a\sin \theta$$ at $$'\theta '$$ always passes through the fixed point
A
$$(a, a)$$
B
$$(0, a)$$
C
$$(0, 0)$$
D
$$(a, 0)$$

## Explanation

$${{dx} \over {d\theta }} = - a\sin \theta$$ and $${{dy} \over {d\theta }} = a\cos \theta$$

$$\therefore$$ $${{dy} \over {dx}} = - \cot \theta .$$

$$\therefore$$ The slope of the normal at $$\theta$$ = $$- {1 \over { - \cot \theta }}$$$$= \tan \theta$$

$$\therefore$$ The equation of the normal at $$\theta$$ is

$$y - a\sin \theta = \tan \theta \left( {x - a - a\cos \theta } \right)$$

$$\Rightarrow$$ $$y - a\sin \theta =$$ $${{\sin \theta } \over {\cos \theta }}$$ $$\left( {x - a - a\cos \theta } \right)$$

$$\Rightarrow y\cos \theta - a\sin \theta \cos \theta$$

$$\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,$$ $$= x\sin \theta - a\sin \theta - a\sin \theta \cos \theta$$

$$\Rightarrow x\sin \theta - y\cos \theta = a\sin \theta$$

$$\Rightarrow y = \left( {x - a} \right)\tan \theta$$

which always passes through $$(a, 0)$$

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