# Gravitation · Physics · JEE Main

Start Practice## MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 9th April Evening Shift

A satellite of $$10^3 \mathrm{~kg}$$ mass is revolving in circular orbit of radius $$2 R$$. If $$\frac{10^4 R}{6} \mathrm{~J}$$ energy is supplied to ...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 9th April Morning Shift

An astronaut takes a ball of mass $$m$$ from earth to space. He throws the ball into a circular orbit about earth at an altitude of $$318.5 \mathrm{~k...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 8th April Evening Shift

Two satellite A and B go round a planet in circular orbits having radii 4R and R respectively. If the speed of $$\mathrm{A}$$ is $$3 v$$, the speed of...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 8th April Morning Shift

Two planets $$A$$ and $$B$$ having masses $$m_1$$ and $$m_2$$ move around the sun in circular orbits of $$r_1$$ and $$r_2$$ radii respectively. If ang...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 4th April Evening Shift

A $$90 \mathrm{~kg}$$ body placed at $$2 \mathrm{R}$$ distance from surface of earth experiences gravitational pull of :
($$\mathrm{R}=$$ Radius of ea...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 4th April Evening Shift

Correct formula for height of a satellite from earths surface is :

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 4th April Morning Shift

A metal wire of uniform mass density having length $$L$$ and mass $$M$$ is bent to form a semicircular arc and a particle of mass $$\mathrm{m}$$ is pl...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 1st February Evening Shift

A light planet is revolving around a massive star in a circular orbit of radius $\mathrm{R}$ with a period of revolution T. If the force of attraction...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 1st February Morning Shift

If $\mathrm{R}$ is the radius of the earth and the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of earth is $g=\pi^2 \mathrm{~m} / \mathrm{s}^2$, then t...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 31st January Evening Shift

The mass of the moon is $$\frac{1}{144}$$ times the mass of a planet and its diameter is $$\frac{1}{16}$$ times the diameter of a planet. If the escap...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 31st January Morning Shift

Four identical particles of mass $$m$$ are kept at the four corners of a square. If the gravitational force exerted on one of the masses by the other ...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 30th January Evening Shift

Escape velocity of a body from earth is $$11.2 \mathrm{~km} / \mathrm{s}$$. If the radius of a planet be onethird the radius of earth and mass be one-...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 30th January Morning Shift

The gravitational potential at a point above the surface of earth is $$-5.12 \times 10^7 \mathrm{~J} / \mathrm{kg}$$ and the acceleration due to gravi...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 29th January Evening Shift

A planet takes 200 days to complete one revolution around the Sun. If the distance of the planet from Sun is reduced to one fourth of the original dis...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 29th January Morning Shift

At what distance above and below the surface of the earth a body will have same weight. (take radius of earth as $$R$$.)

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 27th January Evening Shift

Given below are two statements : one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).
Assertion (A) : The angular speed of the mo...

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 27th January Morning Shift

The acceleration due to gravity on the surface of earth is $$\mathrm{g}$$. If the diameter of earth reduces to half of its original value and mass rem...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 15th April Morning Shift

Two identical particles each of mass ' $m$ ' go round a circle of radius $a$ under the action of their mutual gravitational attraction. The angular sp...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 15th April Morning Shift

A body is released from a height equal to the radius $(\mathrm{R})$ of the earth. The velocity of the body when it strikes the surface of the earth wi...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 13th April Evening Shift

Given below are two statements:
Statement I : For a planet, if the ratio of mass of the planet to its radius increases, the escape velocity from the p...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 13th April Evening Shift

Two planets A and B of radii $$\mathrm{R}$$ and 1.5 R have densities $$\rho$$ and $$\rho / 2$$ respectively. The ratio of acceleration due to gravity ...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 13th April Morning Shift

A planet having mass $$9 \mathrm{Me}$$ and radius $$4 \mathrm{R}_{\mathrm{e}}$$, where $$\mathrm{Me}$$ and $$\mathrm{Re}$$ are mass and radius of eart...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 12th April Morning Shift

The ratio of escape velocity of a planet to the escape velocity of earth will be:-
Given: Mass of the planet is 16 times mass of earth and radius of t...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 12th April Morning Shift

Two satellites $$\mathrm{A}$$ and $$\mathrm{B}$$ move round the earth in the same orbit. The mass of $$\mathrm{A}$$ is twice the mass of $$\mathrm{B}$...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 11th April Evening Shift

A space ship of mass $$2 \times 10^{4} \mathrm{~kg}$$ is launched into a circular orbit close to the earth surface. The additional velocity to be impa...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 11th April Evening Shift

If $$\mathrm{V}$$ is the gravitational potential due to sphere of uniform density on it's surface, then it's value at the center of sphere will be:-...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 11th April Morning Shift

The radii of two planets 'A' and 'B' are 'R' and '4R' and their densities are $$\rho$$ and $$\rho / 3$$ respectively. The ratio of acceleration due to...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 10th April Evening Shift

The time period of a satellite, revolving above earth's surface at a height equal to $$\mathrm{R}$$ will be
(Given $$g=\pi^{2} \mathrm{~m} / \mathrm{s...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 10th April Evening Shift

Given below are two statements:
Statement I : Rotation of the earth shows effect on the value of acceleration due to gravity (g)
Statement II : The ef...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 10th April Morning Shift

Two satellites of masses m and 3m revolve around the earth in circular orbits of radii r & 3r respectively. The ratio of orbital speeds of the satelli...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 10th April Morning Shift

Assuming the earth to be a sphere of uniform mass density, the weight of a body at a depth $$d=\frac{R}{2}$$ from the surface of earth, if its weight ...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 8th April Evening Shift

The acceleration due to gravity at height $$h$$ above the earth if $$h

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 8th April Evening Shift

The orbital angular momentum of a satellite is L, when it is revolving in a circular orbit at height h from earth surface. If the distance of satellit...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 8th April Morning Shift

Given below are two statements:
Statement I: If $$\mathrm{E}$$ be the total energy of a satellite moving around the earth, then its potential energy w...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 8th April Morning Shift

The weight of a body on the earth is $$400 \mathrm{~N}$$. Then weight of the body when taken to a depth half of the radius of the earth will be:...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 6th April Evening Shift

The weight of a body on the surface of the earth is $$100 \mathrm{~N}$$. The gravitational force on it when taken at a height, from the surface of ear...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 6th April Evening Shift

Choose the incorrect statement from the following:

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 6th April Morning Shift

Given below are two statements : one is labelled as Assertion $$\mathbf{A}$$ and the other is labelled as Reason $$\mathbf{R}$$.
Assertion A : Earth h...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 6th April Morning Shift

A planet has double the mass of the earth. Its average density is equal to that of the earth. An object weighing $$\mathrm{W}$$ on earth will weigh on...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 1st February Evening Shift

The escape velocities of two planets $$\mathrm{A}$$ and $$\mathrm{B}$$ are in the ratio $$1: 2$$. If the ratio of their radii respectively is $$1: 3$$...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 1st February Evening Shift

For a body projected at an angle with the horizontal from the ground, choose the correct statement.

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 1st February Morning Shift

If earth has a mass nine times and radius twice to that of a planet P. Then $$\frac{v_{e}}{3} \sqrt{x} \mathrm{~ms}^{-1}$$ will be the minimum velocit...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 1st February Morning Shift

Given below are two statements:
Statement I: Acceleration due to gravity is different at different places on the surface of earth.
Statement II: Accel...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 31st January Evening Shift

A body weight $\mathrm{W}$, is projected vertically upwards from earth's surface to reach a height above the earth which is equal to nine times the ra...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 31st January Morning Shift

At a certain depth "d " below surface of earth, value of acceleration due to gravity becomes four times that of its value at a height $$\mathrm{3 R}$$...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 30th January Evening Shift

An object is allowed to fall from a height $R$ above the earth, where $R$ is the radius of earth. Its velocity when it strikes the earth's surface, ig...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 30th January Morning Shift

If the gravitational field in the space is given as $$\left(-\frac{K}{r^{2}}\right)$$. Taking the reference point to be at $$\mathrm{r}=2 \mathrm{~cm}...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 29th January Evening Shift

The time period of a satellite of earth is 24 hours. If the separation between the earth and the satellite is decreased to one fourth of the previous ...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 29th January Morning Shift

Two particles of equal mass '$$m$$' move in a circle of radius '$$r$$' under the action of their mutual gravitational attraction. The speed of each pa...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 25th January Evening Shift

Every planet revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit :-
A. The force acting on a planet is inversely proportional to square of distance from su...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 25th January Evening Shift

A body of mass is taken from earth surface to the height h equal to twice the radius of earth (R$$_e$$), the increase in potential energy will be :
(g...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 25th January Morning Shift

Assume that the earth is a solid sphere of uniform density and a tunnel is dug along its diameter throughout the earth. It is found that when a partic...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 24th January Evening Shift

Given below are two statements: one is labelled as Assertion A and the other is labelled as Reason R.
Assertion A : A pendulum clock when taken to Mou...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 24th January Evening Shift

If the distance of the earth from Sun is 1.5 $$\times$$ 10$$^6$$ km. Then the distance of an imaginary planet from Sun, if its period of revolution is...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 24th January Evening Shift

Given below are two statements:
Statement I : Acceleration due to earth's gravity decreases as you go 'up' or 'down' from earth's surface.
Statement I...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 24th January Morning Shift

The weight of a body at the surface of earth is 18 N. The weight of the body at an altitude of 3200 km above the earth's surface is (given, radius of ...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 29th July Evening Shift

An object of mass $$1 \mathrm{~kg}$$ is taken to a height from the surface of earth which is equal to three times the radius of earth. The gain in pot...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 28th July Morning Shift

If the radius of earth shrinks by $$2 \%$$ while its mass remains same. The acceleration due to gravity on the earth's surface will approximately :...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 27th July Evening Shift

A body of mass $$\mathrm{m}$$ is projected with velocity $$\lambda \,v_{\mathrm{e}}$$ in vertically upward direction from the surface of the earth int...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 27th July Morning Shift

Two satellites $$\mathrm{A}$$ and $$\mathrm{B}$$, having masses in the ratio $$4: 3$$, are revolving in circular orbits of radii $$3 \mathrm{r}$$ and ...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 26th July Evening Shift

A body is projected vertically upwards from the surface of earth with a velocity equal to one third of escape velocity. The maximum height attained by...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 26th July Morning Shift

The percentage decrease in the weight of a rocket, when taken to a height of $$32 \mathrm{~km}$$ above the surface of earth will, be :
$$($$ Radius of...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 25th July Evening Shift

The length of a seconds pendulum at a height h = 2R from earth surface will be:
(Given R = Radius of earth and acceleration due to gravity at the surf...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 25th July Evening Shift

An object is taken to a height above the surface of earth at a distance $${5 \over 4}$$ R from the centre of the earth. Where radius of earth, R = 640...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 25th July Morning Shift

Three identical particles $$\mathrm{A}, \mathrm{B}$$ and $$\mathrm{C}$$ of mass $$100 \mathrm{~kg}$$ each are placed in a straight line with $$\mathrm...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 30th June Morning Shift

The radii of two planets A and B are in the ratio 2 : 3. Their densities are 3$$\rho$$ and 5$$\rho$$ respectively. The ratio of their acceleration due...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 29th June Evening Shift

The time period of a satellite revolving around earth in a given orbit is 7 hours. If the radius of orbit is increased to three times its previous val...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 29th June Morning Shift

The escape velocity of a body on a planet 'A' is 12 kms$$-$$1. The escape velocity of the body on another planet 'B', whose density is four times and ...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 28th June Evening Shift

Water falls from a 40 m high dam at the rate of 9 $$\times$$ 104 kg per hour. Fifty percentage of gravitational potential energy can be converted into...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 28th June Evening Shift

Two objects of equal masses placed at certain distance from each other attracts each other with a force of F. If one-third mass of one object is trans...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 28th June Morning Shift

Two planets A and B of equal mass are having their period of revolutions TA and TB such that TA = 2TB. These planets are revolving in the circular orb...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 27th June Evening Shift

The distance of the Sun from earth is 1.5 $$\times$$ 1011 m and its angular diameter is (2000) s when observed from the earth. The diameter of the Sun...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 27th June Evening Shift

Four spheres each of mass m from a square of side d (as shown in figure). A fifth sphere of mass M is situated at the centre of square. The total grav...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 27th June Morning Shift

Given below are two statements :
Statement I : The law of gravitation holds good for any pair of bodies in the universe.
Statement II : The weight of ...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 26th June Evening Shift

Given below are two statements : One is labelled as Assertion A and the other is labelled as Reason R.
Assertion A : If we move from poles to equator,...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 26th June Morning Shift

The variation of acceleration due to gravity (g) with distance (r) from the center of the earth is correctly represented by :
(Given R = radius of ea...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 25th June Morning Shift

The height of any point P above the surface of earth is equal to diameter of earth. The value of acceleration due to gravity at point P will be : (Giv...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 24th June Evening Shift

The distance between Sun and Earth is R. The duration of year if the distance between Sun and Earth becomes 3R will be :

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 24th June Morning Shift

The approximate height from the surface of earth at which the weight of the body becomes $${1 \over 3}$$ of its weight on the surface of earth is :
[R...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 1st September Evening Shift

Four particles each of mass M, move along a circle of radius R under the action of their mutual gravitational attraction as shown in figure. The speed...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 31st August Evening Shift

If RE be the radius of Earth, then the ratio between the acceleration due to gravity at a depth 'r' below and a height 'r' above the earth surface is ...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 31st August Morning Shift

The masses and radii of the earth and moon are (M1, R1) and (M2, R2) respectively. Their centres are at a distance 'r' apart. Find the minimum escape ...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 27th August Evening Shift

A mass of 50 kg is placed at the centre of a uniform spherical shell of mass 100 kg and radius 50 m. If the gravitational potential at a point, 25 m f...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 26th August Morning Shift

Inside a uniform spherical shell :(1) the gravitational field is zero(2) the gravitational potential is zero(3) the gravitational field is same everyw...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 27th July Evening Shift

Two identical particles of mass 1 kg each go round a circle of radius R, under the action of their mutual gravitational attraction. The angular speed ...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 27th July Evening Shift

The planet Mars has two moons, if one of them has a period 7 hours, 30 minutes and an orbital radius of 9.0 $$\times$$ 103 km. Find the mass of Mars.$...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 25th July Evening Shift

Consider a planet in some solar system which has a mass double the mass of earth and density equal to the average density of earth. If the weight of a...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 25th July Morning Shift

The minimum and maximum distances of a planet revolving around the sun are x1 and x2. If the minimum speed of the planet on its trajectory is v0 then ...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 22th July Evening Shift

A body is projected vertically upwards from the surface of earth with a velocity sufficient enough to carry it to infinity. The time taken by it to re...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 20th July Evening Shift

A satellite is launched into a circular orbit of radius R around earth, while a second satellite is launched into a circular orbit of radius 1.02 R. T...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 20th July Evening Shift

Consider a binary star system of star A and star B with masses mA and mB revolving in a circular orbit of radii rA an rB, respectively. If TA and TB a...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 20th July Morning Shift

A person whose mass is 100 kg travels from Earth to Mars in a spaceship. Neglect all other objects in sky and take acceleration due to gravity on the...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 18th March Evening Shift

If the angular velocity of earth's spin is increased such that the bodies at the equator start floating, the duration of the day would be approximatel...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 18th March Evening Shift

The angular momentum of a planet of mass M moving around the sun in an elliptical orbit is $${\overrightarrow L }$$. The magnitude of the areal veloci...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 18th March Morning Shift

The time period of a satellite in a circular orbit of radius R is T. The period of another satellite in a circular orbit of radius 9R is :

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 17th March Evening Shift

A geostationary satellite is orbiting around an arbitrary planet 'P' at a height of 11R above the surface of 'P', R being the radius of 'P'. The time ...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 16th March Morning Shift

The maximum and minimum distances of a comet from the Sun are 1.6 $$\times$$ 1012 m and 8.0 $$\times$$ 1010 m respectively. If the speed of the comet ...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 26th February Morning Shift

A planet revolving in elliptical orbit has :A. a constant velocity of revolution.B. has the least velocity when it is nearest to the sun.C. its areal ...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 26th February Morning Shift

Find the gravitational force of attraction between the ring and sphere as shown in the diagram, where the plane of the ring is perpendicular to the li...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 25th February Morning Shift

A solid sphere of radius R gravitationally attracts a particle placed at 3R from its centre with a force F1. Now a spherical cavity of radius $$\left(...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 25th February Morning Shift

Two satellites A and B of masses 200 kg and 400 kg are revolving round the earth at height of 600 km and 1600 km respectively.If TA and TB are the tim...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 25th February Morning Shift

Given below are two statements : one is labelled as Assertion A and the other is labelled as Reason R.Assertion A : The escape velocities of planet A ...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 24th February Evening Shift

A body weights 49N on a spring balance at the north pole. What will be its weight recorded on the same weighing machine, if it is shifted to the equat...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 24th February Morning Shift

Four identical particles of equal masses 1 kg made to move along the circumference of a circle of radius 1 m under the action of their own mutual grav...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 24th February Morning Shift

Consider two satellites S1 and S2 with periods of revolution 1 hr. and 8 hr. respectively revolving around a planet in circular orbits. The ratio of a...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 24th February Morning Shift

Two stars of masses m and 2m at a distance d rotate about their common centre of mass in free space. The period of revolution is :

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 6th September Evening Slot

Two planets have masses M and 16 M and their radii are $$a$$ and 2$$a$$, respectively. The separation
between the centres of the planets is 10$$a$$. A...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 6th September Morning Slot

A satellite is in an elliptical orbit around a planet P. It is observed that the velocity of the satellite
when it is farthest from the planet is 6 ti...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 5th September Evening Slot

The acceleration due to gravity on the earth’s
surface at the poles is g and angular velocity of
the earth about the axis passing through the
pole is ...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 5th September Morning Slot

The value of the acceleration due to gravity is
g1 at a height h = $${R \over 2}$$ (R = radius of the earth) from the surface of the earth. It is agai...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 4th September Evening Slot

A body is moving in a low circular orbit about a planet of mass M and radius R. The radius of the
orbit can be taken to be R itself. Then the ratio of...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 4th September Morning Slot

On the x-axis and at a distance x from the origin, the gravitational field due a mass distribution is
given by $${{Ax} \over {{{\left( {{x^2} + {a^2}}...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 3rd September Evening Slot

The mass density of a planet of radius R varies with the distance r from its centre as
$$\rho $$(r) = $${\rho _0}\left( {1 - {{{r^2}} \over {{R^2}}}} ...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 3rd September Morning Slot

A satellite is moving in a low nearly circular orbit around the earth. Its radius is roughly equal to
that of the earth’s radius Re
. By firing rocket...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 2nd September Evening Slot

The height ‘h’ at which the weight of a body will
be the same as that at the same depth ‘h’ from
the surface of the earth is (Radius of the earth
is R...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 2nd September Morning Slot

The mass density of a spherical galaxy varies
as
$${K \over r}$$ over a large distance ‘r’ from its centre.
In that region, a small star is in a circu...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 9th January Evening Slot

Planet A has mass M and radius R. Planet B has
half the mass and half the radius of Planet A.
If the escape velocities from the Planets A and
B are vA...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 9th January Morning Slot

A body A of mass m is moving in a circular orbit
of radius R about a planet. Another body B of
mass
$${m \over 2}$$
collides with A with a velocity wh...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 8th January Morning Slot

Consider two solid spheres of radii R1 = 1m,
R2 = 2m and masses M1 and M2, respectively.
The gravitational field due to sphere (1) and (2) are shown. ...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 7th January Evening Slot

A box weight 196 N on a spring balance at the north pole. Its weight recorded on the same
balance if it is shifted to the equator is close to (Take g ...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 7th January Morning Slot

A satellite of mass m is launched vertically upwards with an initial speed u from the surface of the earth. After it reaches height R (R = radius of t...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 12th April Evening Slot

The ratio of the weights of a body on the Earth’s surface to that on the surface of a planets is 9 : 4. The mass
of the planet is
$${1 \over 9}$$
th o...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th April Evening Slot

A spaceship orbits around a planet at a height of 20 km from its surface. Assuming that only gravitational
field of the planet acts on the spaceship, ...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th April Morning Slot

The value of acceleration due to gravity at
Earth's surface is 9.8 ms–2. The altitude above
its surface at which the acceleration due to
gravity decre...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 9th April Evening Slot

A test particle is moving in a circular orbit in
the gravitational field produced by a mass
density $$\rho (r) = {K \over {{r^2}}}$$ . Identify the c...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 9th April Morning Slot

A solid sphere of mass 'M' and radius 'a' is
surrounded by a uniform concentric spherical
shell of thickness 2a and mass 2M. The
gravitational field a...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 8th April Evening Slot

A rocket has to be launched from earth in such
a way that it never returns. If E is the minimum
energy delivered by the rocket launcher, what
should b...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 8th April Morning Slot

Four identical particles of mass M are located
at the corners of a square of side 'a'. What
should be their speed if each of them revolves
under the i...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 12th January Evening Slot

Two satellites, A and B, have masses m and 2m respectively. A is in a circular orbit of radius R, and B is in a circular orbit of radius 2R around the...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 12th January Morning Slot

A straight rod of length L extends from x = a to x = L + a. The gravitational force it exerts on a point mass 'm' at x = 0, if the mass per unit lengt...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 12th January Morning Slot

A satellite of mass M is in a circular orbit of radius R about the centre of the earth. A meteorite of the same mass, falling towards the earth, colli...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 11th January Morning Slot

A satellite is revolving in a circular orbit at a height h form the earth surface, such that h < < R where R is the earth. Assuming that the eff...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th January Evening Slot

Two stars of masses 3 $$ \times $$ 1031 kg each, and at distance 2 $$ \times $$ 1011 m rotate in a plane about their common centre of mass O. A meteor...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th January Morning Slot

A satellite is moving with a constant speed v in circular orbit around the earth. An object of mass ‘m’ is ejected from the satellite such that it jus...

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 9th January Evening Slot

The energy required to take a satellite to a height 'h' above Earth surface (radius of Earth = 6.4 $$ \times $$ 103 km) is E1 and kinetic energy requi...

JEE Main 2018 (Online) 16th April Morning Slot

Suppose that the angular velocity of rotation of earth is increased. Then, as a consequence :

JEE Main 2018 (Offline)

A particle is moving with a uniform speed in a circular orbit of radius R in a central force inversely
proportional to the nth power of R. If the peri...

JEE Main 2018 (Online) 15th April Morning Slot

A body of mass m is moving in a circular orbit of radius R about a planet of mass M. At some instant, it splits into two equal masses. The first mass ...

JEE Main 2018 (Online) 15th April Morning Slot

Take the mean distance of the moon and the sun from the earth to be $$0.4 \times {10^6}$$ km and $$150 \times {10^6}$$ km respectively. Their masses a...

JEE Main 2017 (Online) 9th April Morning Slot

The mass density of a spherical body is given by
$$\rho $$ (r) = $${k \over r}$$ for r $$ \le $$ R and $$\rho $$ (r) = 0 for r > R,
where r is the...

JEE Main 2017 (Online) 8th April Morning Slot

If the Earth has no rotational motion, the weight of a person on the equator is W. Determine the speed with which the earth would have to rotate about...

JEE Main 2017 (Offline)

The variation of acceleration due to gravity $$g$$ with distance d from centre of the earth is best represented by
(R = Earth’s radius):

JEE Main 2016 (Online) 9th April Morning Slot

Figure shows elliptical path abcd of a planet around the sun S such that the area of triangle csa is $${1 \over 4}$$ the area of the ellipse. (See fig...

JEE Main 2016 (Offline)

A satellite is revolving in a circular orbit at a height $$'h'$$ from the earth's surface (radius of earth $$R;h < < R$$). The minimum increas...

JEE Main 2015 (Offline)

From a solid sphere of mass $$M$$ and radius $$R,$$ a spherical portion of radius $$R/2$$ is removed, as shown in the figure. Taking gravitational pot...

JEE Main 2014 (Offline)

Four particles, each of mass $$M$$ and equidistant from each other, move along a circle of radius $$R$$ under the action of their mutual gravitational...

JEE Main 2013 (Offline)

What is the minimum energy required to launch a satellite of mass $$m$$ from the surface of a planet of mass $$M$$ and radius $$R$$ in a circular orbi...

AIEEE 2012

The mass of a spaceship is $$1000$$ $$kg.$$ It is to be launched from the earth's surface out into free space. The value of $$g$$ and $$R$$ (radius of...

AIEEE 2011

Two bodies of masses $$m$$ and $$4$$ $$m$$ are placed at a distance $$r.$$ The gravitational potential at a point on the line joining them where the g...

AIEEE 2009

The height at which the acceleration due to gravity becomes $${g \over 9}$$ (where $$g=$$ the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the earth)...

AIEEE 2008

A planet in a distant solar system is $$10$$ times more massive than the earth and its radius is $$10$$ times smaller. Given that the escape velocity ...

AIEEE 2008

This question contains Statement - $$1$$ and Statement - $$2$$. of the four choices given after the statements, choose the one that best describes the...

AIEEE 2007

If $${g_E}$$ and $${g_M}$$ are the accelerations due to gravity on the surfaces of the earth and the moon respectively and if Millikan's oil drop exp...

AIEEE 2005

A particle of mass $$10$$ $$g$$ is kept on the surface of a uniform sphere of mass $$100$$ $$kg$$ and radius $$10$$ $$cm.$$ Find the work to be done a...

AIEEE 2005

The change in the value of $$g$$ at a height $$h$$ above the surface of the earth is the same as at a depth $$d$$ below the surface of earth. When bot...

AIEEE 2005

Average density of the earth

AIEEE 2004

A satellite of mass $$m$$ revolves around the earth of radius $$R$$ at a height $$x$$ from its surface. If $$g$$ is the acceleration due to gravity on...

AIEEE 2004

If $$g$$ is the acceleration due to gravity on the earth's surface, the gain in the potential energy of an object of mass $$m$$ raised from the surfac...

AIEEE 2004

The time period of an earth satellite in circular orbit is independent of

AIEEE 2004

Suppose the gravitational force varies inversely as the nth power of distance. Then the time period of a planet in circular orbit of radius $$R$$ arou...

AIEEE 2003

The time period of satellite of earth is $$5$$ hours. If the separation between the earth and the satellite is increased to $$4$$ times the previous v...

AIEEE 2003

The escape velocity for a body projected vertically upwards from the surface of earth is $$11$$ $$km/s.$$ If the body is projected at an angle of $${4...

AIEEE 2003

Two spherical bodies of mass $$M$$ and $$5M$$ & radii $$R$$ & $$2R$$ respectively are released in free space with initial separation between t...

AIEEE 2002

If suddenly the gravitational force of attraction between Earth and a satellite revolving around it becomes zero, then the satellite will

AIEEE 2002

The kinetic energy needed to project a body of mass $$m$$ from the earth surface (radius $$R$$) to infinity is

AIEEE 2002

Energy required to move a body of mass $$m$$ from an orbit of radius $$2R$$ to $$3R$$ is

AIEEE 2002

The escape velocity of a body depends upon mass as

## Numerical

JEE Main 2024 (Online) 30th January Evening Shift

A simple pendulum is placed at a place where its distance from the earth's surface is equal to the radius of the earth. If the length of the string is...

JEE Main 2023 (Online) 10th April Morning Shift

If the earth suddenly shrinks to $$\frac{1}{64}$$th of its original volume with its mass remaining the same, the period of rotation of earth becomes $...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 29th July Morning Shift

If the acceleration due to gravity experienced by a point mass at a height h above the surface of earth is same as that of the acceleration due to gra...

JEE Main 2022 (Online) 25th June Evening Shift

Two satellites S1 and S2 are revolving in circular orbits around a planet with radius R1 = 3200 km and R2 = 800 km respectively. The ratio of speed of...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 1st September Evening Shift

Two satellites revolve around a planet in coplanar circular orbits in anticlockwise direction. Their period of revolutions are 1 hour and 8 hours resp...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 27th August Morning Shift

A body of mass (2M) splits into four masses (m, M $$-$$ m, m, M $$-$$ m}, which are rearranged to form a square as shown in the figure. The ratio of $...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 27th July Morning Shift

Suppose two planets (spherical in shape) in radii R and 2R, but mass M and 9M respectively have a centre to centre separation 8 R as shown in the figu...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 17th March Morning Shift

The radius in kilometer to which the present radius of earth (R = 6400 km) to be compressed so that the escape velocity is increased 10 times is _____...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 16th March Evening Shift

If one wants to remove all the mass of the earth to infinity in order to break it up completely.The amount of energy that needs to be supplied will be...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 26th February Evening Shift

In the reported figure of earth, the value of acceleration due to gravity is same at point A and C but it is smaller than that of its value at point B...

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 25th February Evening Shift

The initial velocity vi required to project a body vertically upward from the surface of the earth to reach a height of 10R, where R is the radius of ...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 8th January Evening Slot

A ball is dropped from the top of a 100 m high
tower on a planet. In the last $${1 \over 2}s$$ before hitting
the ground, it covers a distance of 19 m...

JEE Main 2020 (Online) 8th January Evening Slot

An asteroid is moving directly towards the
centre of the earth. When at a distance of
10R (R is the radius of the earth) from the earths
centre, it ha...

## MCQ (More than One Correct Answer)

JEE Main 2016 (Online) 10th April Morning Slot

An astronaut of mass m is working on a satellite orbiting the earth at a distance h from the earth’s surface. The radius of the earth is R, while its ...