JEE Main
Chemistry
Structure of Atom
Previous Years Questions

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

The number of radial node/s for $3 p$ orbital is :
In case of isoelectronic species the size of $\mathrm{F}^{-}, \mathrm{Ne}$ and $\mathrm{Na}^{+}$is affected by :
According to the wave-particle duality of matter by de-Broglie, which of the following graph plot presents most appropriate relationship between wavel...
The four quantum numbers for the electron in the outer most orbital of potassium (atomic no. 19) are
Given below are two statements : Statement (I) : The orbitals having same energy are called as degenerate orbitals. Statement (II) : In hydrogen atom,...
Match List I with List II .tg {border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;} .tg td{border-color:black;border-style:solid;border-width:1px;font-family...
The correct set of four quantum numbers for the valence electron of rubidium atom $$(\mathrm{Z}=37)$$ is :
Given below are two statements: Statement I : According to Bohr's model of hydrogen atom, the angular momentum of an electron in a given stationary s...
The energy of an electron in the first Bohr orbit of hydrogen atom is $$-2.18 \times 10^{-18} \mathrm{~J}$$. Its energy in the third Bohr orbit is ___...
Given below are two statements : one is labelled as Assertion A and the other is labelled as Reason R : Assertion A : In the photoelectric effect, the...
Henry Moseley studied characteristic X-ray spectra of elements. The graph which represents his observation correctly is Given $$v=$$ frequency of $$\m...
If the radius of the first orbit of hydrogen atom is $$\alpha_{0}$$, then de Broglie's wavelength of electron in $$3^{\text {rd }}$$ orbit is :
Which one of the following sets of ions represents a collection of isoelectronic species? (Given : Atomic Number : $$\mathrm{F:9,Cl:17,Na=11,Mg=12,Al=...
Arrange the following orbitals in decreasing order of energy. A. $\mathrm{n}=3, \mathrm{l}=0, \mathrm{~m}=0$ B. $\mathrm{n}=4, \mathrm{l}=0, \mathrm{~...
Which transition in the hydrogen spectrum would have the same wavelength as the Balmer type transition from $$\mathrm{n=4}$$ to $$\mathrm{n}=2$$ of $$...
Maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in shell with $n=4$ are:
The wave function $(\Psi)$ of $2 \mathrm{~s}$ is given by $$ \Psi_{2 \mathrm{~s}}=\frac{1}{2 \sqrt{2 \pi}}\left(\frac{1}{a_0}\right)^{1 / 2}\left(2-\f...
The shortest wavelength of hydrogen atom in Lyman series is $$\lambda$$. The longest wavelength is Balmer series of He$$^+$$ is
The radius of the $$\mathrm{2^{nd}}$$ orbit of $$\mathrm{Li^{2+}}$$ is $$x$$. The expected radius of the $$\mathrm{3^{rd}}$$ orbit of $$\mathrm{Be^{3+...
The number of s-electrons present in an ion with 55 protons in its unipositive state is
The magnetic moment of a transition metal compound has been calculated to be 3.87 B.M. The metal ion is
It is observed that characteristic X-ray spectra of elements show regularity. When frequency to the power "n" i.e. $${v^n}$$ of X-rays emitted is plot...
Given below are the quantum numbers for 4 electrons. A. $$\mathrm{n}=3,l=2, \mathrm{~m}_{1}=1, \mathrm{~m}_{\mathrm{s}}=+1 / 2$$ B. $$\mathrm{n}=4,l=1...
Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Assertion $$\mathbf{A}$$ and the other is labelled as Reason $$\mathbf{R}$$ Assertion $$\mathbf{A}$...
Identify the incorrect statement from the following.
The correct decreasing order of energy for the orbitals having, following set of quantum numbers : (A) n = 3, l = 0, m = 0 (B) n = 4, l = 0, m = 0 (C)...
Outermost electronic configurations of four elements A, B, C, D are given below : (A) $$3 s^{2}$$ (B) $$3 s^{2} 3 p^{1}$$ (C) $$3 s^{2} 3 p^{3}$$ (D) ...
Given below are two statements. One is labelled as Assertion A and the other is labelled as Reason R. Assertion A: Energy of $$2 \mathrm{s}$$ orbital ...
Which of the following sets of quantum numbers is not allowed?
The number of radial nodes and total number of nodes in 4p orbital respectively are :
Which of the following is the correct plot for the probability density $${\psi ^2}$$ (r) as a function of distance 'r' of the electron from the nucleu...
Which of the following statements are correct? (A) The electronic configuration of Cr is [Ar] 3d5 4s1. (B) The magnetic quantum number may have a nega...
Consider the following statements : (A) The principal quantum number 'n' is a positive integer with values of 'n' = 1, 2, 3, ... (B) The azimuthal qua...
The number of radial and angular nodes in 4d orbital are, respectively
If the radius of the 3rd Bohr's orbit of hydrogen atom is r3 and the radius of 4th Bohr's orbit is r4. Then :...
The minimum energy that must be possessed by photons in order to produce the photoelectric effect with platinum metal is : [Given : The threshold freq...
The pair, in which ions are isoelectronic with AI3+ is :
The energy of one mole of photons of radiation of wavelength 300 nm is (Given : h = 6.63 $$\times$$ 10$$-$$34 J s, NA = 6.02 $$\times$$ 1023 mol$$-$$1...
Consider the following pairs of electrons (A) (a) n = 3, $$l$$ = 1, m1 = 1, ms = + $${1 \over 2}$$       (b) n = 3, 1 = ...
Given below are two statements.Statement I : According to Bohr's model of an atom, qualitatively the magnitude of velocity of electron increases with ...
If the Thompson model of the atom was correct, then the result of Rutherford's gold foil experiment would have been :
Given below are two statements :Statement I : Rutherford's gold foil experiment cannot explain the line spectrum of hydrogen atom.Statement II : Bohr'...
Outermost electronic configuration of a group 13 element, E, is 4s2, 4p1. The electronic configuration of an element of p-block period-five placed dia...
Given below are two statements :Statement I : Bohr's theory accounts for the stability and line spectrum of Li+ ion.Statement II : Bohr's theory was u...
The ionic radius of Na+ ions is 1.02 $$\mathop A\limits^o $$. The ionic radii (in $$\mathop A\limits^o $$) of Mg2+ and Al3+, respectively, are ...
A certain orbital has no angular nodes and two radial nodes. The orbital is :
Which of the following forms of hydrogen emits low energy $$\beta$$- particles?
The orbital having two radial as well as two angular nodes is :
The plots of radial distribution functions for various orbitals of hydrogen atom against 'r' are given below : The correct plot for 3s orbital is :...
According to Bohr's atomic theory :(A) Kinetic energy of electron is $$ \propto {{{Z^2}} \over {{n^2}}}$$.(B) The product of velocity (v) of electron ...
The correct statement about probability density (except at infinite distance from nucleus) is :
The difference between the radii of 3rd and 4th orbits of Li2+ is R1 . The difference between the radii of 3rd and 4th orbits of He+ is $$\Delta $$R2 ...
The shortest wavelength of H atom in the Lyman series is $$\lambda $$1. The longest wavelength in the Balmar series of He+ is :
The region in the electromagnetic spectrum where the Balmar series lines appear is :
Consider the hypothetical situation where the azimuthal quantum number, $$l$$, takes values 0, 1, 2, ....., n + 1, where n is the principal quantum nu...
The number of subshells associated with n = 4 and m = –2 quantum numbers is
The figure that is not a direct manifestation of the quantum nature of atoms is :
The de Broglie wavelength of an electron in the 4th Bohr orbit is :
The radius of the second Bohr orbit, in terms of the Bohr radius, a0, in Li2+ is :
Hydrogen has three isotopes (A), (B) and (C). If the number of neutron(s) in (A), (B) and (C) respectively, are (x), (y) and (z), the sum of (x), (y) ...
For the Balmer series in the spectrum of H atom, $$\overline \nu = {R_H}\left\{ {{1 \over {n_1^2}} - {1 \over {n_2^2}}} \right\}$$, the correct stat...
The number of orbitals associated with quantum number n = 5, ms = +$${1 \over 2}$$ is :
The electrons are more likely to be found : ...
The group number, number of valence electrons, and valency of an element with atomic number 15, respectively, are:
The ratio of the shortest wavelength of two spectral series of hydrogen spectrum is found to be about 9. The spectral series are :
The isoelectronic set of ions is :
The graph between $${\left| \psi \right|^2}$$ and r (radial distance) is shown below. This represents : ...
Which one of the following about an electron occupying the 1s orbital in a hydrogen atom is incorrect ? (The Bohr radius is represented by a0)...
For any given series of spectral lines of atomic hydrogen, let $$\Delta \mathop v\limits^\_ = $$ $$\Delta {\overline v _{\max }} - \Delta {\overline ...
If p is the momentum of the fastest electron ejected from a metal surface after the irradiation of light having wavelength $$\lambda $$, then for 1.5 ...
The quantum number of four electrons are given below : n = 4, l = 2, ml =–2, ms = –1/2 n = 3, l = 2, ml = 1, ms = +1/2 n = 4, l = 1, ml = 0, ms = +1/2...
If the de Broglie wavelength of the electron in nth Bohr orbit in a hydrogenic atom is equal to 1.5 $$\pi $$a0 (a0 is Bohr radius), then the value of ...
The upper stratosphere consisting of the ozone layer protects us from sun's radiation that falls in the wavelength region of -
What is the work function of the metal if the light of wavelength 4000$$\mathop A\limits^ \circ $$ generates photoelectrons of velocity 6 $$ \times $...
The de Broglie wavelength ($$\lambda $$) associated with a photoelectron varies with the frequency (v) of the incident radiation as, [v0 is threshold ...
Heat treatment of muscular pain involves radiation of wavelength of about 900 nm. Which spectral line of H atom is suitable for this purpose? [RH = 1 ...
The ground state energy of hydrogen atom is – 13.6 eV. The energy of second excited state of He+ ion in eV is :
Which of the graphs shown below does not represent the relationship between incident light and the electron ejected from metal surface ?
Which of the following combination of statements is true regarding the interpretation of the atomic orbitals ? (a) An electron in an orbital of high ...
The highest value of the calculated spin only magnetic moment (in BM) among all the transition metal complexes is :
For emission line of atomic hydrogen from ni = 8 to nf = n, the plot of wave number $$\left( {\overline v } \right)$$ against $$\left( {{1 \over {{n^2...
Which of the following statements is false ?
The de-Broglie's wavelength of electron present in first Bohr orbit of 'H' atom is :
Ejection of the photoelectron from metal in the photoelectric experiment can be stopped by applying 0.5 V when the radiation of 250 nm is used. The wo...
The electron in the hydrogen atom undergoes transition from higher orbitals to orbital of radius 211.6 pm. This transition is associated with :
If the shortest wavelength in Lyman series of hydrogen atom is A, then the longestwavelength in Paschen series of He+ is :
The radius of the second Bohr orbit for hydrogen atom is: (Planck’s Const. h = 6.6262 × 10-34 Js; mass of electron = 9.1091 × 10-31 kg; charge of elec...
The group having isoelectronic species is:
The total number of orbitals associated with the principal quantum number 5 is :
A stream of electrons from a heated filament was passed between two charged plates kept at a potential difference V esu. If e and m are charge and mas...
Which of the following is the energy of a possible excited state of hydrogen?
The correct set of four quantum numbers for the valence elections of rubidium atom (Z= 37) is:
Energy of an electron is given by $$E = - 2.178 \times {10^{ - 18}}J\left( {{{{Z^2}} \over {{n^2}}}} \right)$$. Wavelength of light required to excit...
The electrons identified by quantum numbers n and l : (a) n = 4, $$l$$ = 1 (b) n = 4, $$ l$$ = 0 (c) n = 3, $$l$$ = 2 (d) n = 3, $$l$$ = 1 Can be plac...
A gas absorbs a photon of 355 nm and emits at two wavelengths. If one of the emissions is at 680 nm, the other is at :
The energy required to break one mole of Cl–Cl bonds in Cl2 is 242 kJ mol–1. The longest wavelength of light capable of breaking a single Cl – Cl bond...
Ionisation energy of He+ is 19.6 x 10–18 J atom–1. The energy of the first stationary state (n = 1) of Li2+ is...
Calculate the wavelength (in nanometer) associated with a proton moving at 1.0 x 103 ms−1 (Mass of proton = 1.67 $$\times$$ 10-27 kg and h = 6.63 $$...
In an atom, an electron is moving with a speed of 600 m/s with an accuracy of 0.005%. Certainity with which the position of the electron can be locate...
Which one of the following constitutes a group of the isoelectronic species?
The ionization enthalpy of hydrogen atom is 1.312 × 106 J mol−1. The energy required to excite the electron in the atom from n = 1 to n = 2 is ...
Which of the following sets of quantum numbers represents the highest energy of an atom?
According to Bohr's theory, the angular momentum of an electron in 5th orbit is
Uncertainty in the position of an electron (mass = 9.1 $$\times$$ 10-31 kg) moving with a velocity 300 ms-1, accurate upto 0.001% will be (h = 6.63 $$...
Which of the following sets of ions represents a collection of isoelectronic species?
Of the following sets which one does NOT contain isoelectronic species?
In a multi-electron atom, which of the following orbitals described by the three quantum members will have the same energy in the absence of magnetic ...
Pick out the isoelectronic structure from the following : $$\eqalign{ & \left( i \right)\,\,\,\,\,\,C{H_3}^ + \cr & \left( {ii} \right...
Which of the following sets of quantum numbers is correct for an electron in 4f orbital?
Consider the ground state of Cr atom (Z = 24). The number of electrons with the azimuthal quantum numbers, l = 1 and 2 are respectively
The wavelength of the radiation emitted when in a hydrogen atom electron falls from infinity to stationary state 1, would be (Rydberg constant = 1.09...
Which one of the following sets of ions represents the collection of isoelectronic species? (Atomic nos. : F = 9, Cl = 17, Na = 11, Mg = 12, Al = 13, ...
The orbital angular momentum for an electron revolving in an orbit is given by $$\sqrt {l(l + 1)} {h \over {2\pi }}$$. This momentum for an s-electron...
Which one of the following groupings represents a collection of isoelectronic species? (At. nos. : Cs : 55, Br : 35)
In Bohr series of lines of hydrogen spectrum, the third line from the red end corresponds to which one of the following inter-orbit jumps of the elect...
The de Broglie wavelength of a tennis ball of mass 60 g moving with a velocity of 10 meters per second is approximately
Uncertainty in position of a minute particle of mass 25 g in space is 10-5 m. What is the uncertainty in its velocity (in ms-1) (h = 6.6 $$\times$$ 10...
In a hydrogen atom, if energy of an electron in ground state is -13.6 eV, then that in the 2nd excited state is

Numerical

The ionization energy of sodium in $$\mathrm{~kJ} \mathrm{~mol}^{-1}$$, if electromagnetic radiation of wavelength $$242 \mathrm{~nm}$$ is just suffic...
Number of spectral lines obtained in $$\mathrm{He}^{+}$$ spectra, when an electron makes transition from fifth excited state to first excited state wi...
The number of electrons present in all the completely filled subshells having $$\mathrm{n}=4$$ and $$\mathrm{s}=+\frac{1}{2}$$ is _______. (Where $$\m...
The total number of isoelectronic species from the given set is ___________. $\mathrm{O}^{2-}, \mathrm{F}^{-}, \mathrm{Al}, \mathrm{Mg}^{2+}, \mathrm{...
The orbital angular momentum of an electron in $$3 \mathrm{~s}$$ orbital is $$\frac{x h}{2 \pi}$$. The value of $$x$$ is ____________ (nearest integer...
Values of work function (W$$_0$$) for a few metals are given below .tg {border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;} .tg td{border-color:black;border...
The number of correct statements from the following is ___________. A. For $$1 \mathrm{s}$$ orbital, the probability density is maximum at the nucleus...
The electron in the $$\mathrm{n}^{\text {th }}$$ orbit of $$\mathrm{Li}^{2+}$$ is excited to $$(\mathrm{n}+1)$$ orbit using the radiation of energy $...
The number of incorrect statement/s about the black body from the following is __________ (A) Emit or absorb energy in the form of electromagnetic rad...
The number of atomic orbitals from the following having 5 radial nodes is ___________. $$7 \mathrm{s}, 7 \mathrm{p}, 6 \mathrm{s}, 8 \mathrm{p}, 8 \ma...
The number of following statement/s which is/are incorrect is ___________ (A) Line emission spectra are used to study the electronic structure (B) The...
The wavelength of an electron of kinetic energy $$4.50\times10^{-29}$$ J is _________ $$\times 10^{-5}$$ m. (Nearest integer) Given : mass of electron...
Electrons in a cathode ray tube have been emitted with a velocity of 1000 m s$$^{-1}$$. The number of following statements which is/are $$\underline {...
The energy of one mole of photons of radiation of frequency $$2 \times 10^{12} \mathrm{~Hz}$$ in $$\mathrm{J} ~\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$$ is ___________. (Ne...
Assume that the radius of the first Bohr orbit of hydrogen atom is 0.6 $$\mathrm{\mathop A\limits^o }$$. The radius of the third Bohr orbit of He$$^+$...
The number of given orbitals which have electron density along the axis is _________ $$\mathrm{p_x,p_y,p_z,d_{xy},d_{yz},d_{xz},d_{z^2},d_{x^2-y^2}}$$...
If wavelength of the first line of the Paschen series of hydrogen atom is 720 nm, then the wavelength of the second line of this series is _________ n...
The minimum uncertainty in the speed of an electron in an one dimensional region of length $$2 \mathrm{a}_{\mathrm{o}}$$ (Where $$\mathrm{a}_{\mathrm{...
If the wavelength for an electron emitted from $$\mathrm{H}$$-atom is $$3.3 \times 10^{-10} \mathrm{~m}$$, then energy absorbed by the electron in its...
Consider an imaginary ion $${ }_{22}^{48} \mathrm{X}^{3-}$$. The nucleus contains '$$a$$'% more neutrons than the number of electrons in the ion. The ...
The wavelength of an electron and a neutron will become equal when the velocity of the electron is $$x$$ times the velocity of neutron. The value of $...
When the excited electron of a H atom from n = 5 drops to the ground state, the maximum number of emission lines observed are _____________.
If the work function of a metal is 6.63 $$\times$$ 10$$-$$19J, the maximum wavelength of the photon required to remove a photoelectron from the metal ...
Consider the following set of quantum numbers. .tg {border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;} .tg td{border-color:black;border-style:solid;border-...
If the uncertainty in velocity and position of a minute particle in space are, 2.4 $$\times$$ 10$$-$$26 (m s$$-$$1) and 10$$-$$7 (m) respectively. The...
The longest wavelength of light that can be used for the ionisation of lithium atom (Li) in its ground state is x $$\times$$ 10$$-$$8 m. The value of ...
A 50 watt bulb emits monochromatic red light of wavelength of 795 nm. The number of photons emitted per second by the bulb is x $$\times$$ 1020. The v...
Ge(Z = 32) in its ground state electronic configuration has x completely filled orbitals with ml = 0. The value of x is ___________.
The number of photons emitted by a monochromatic (single frequency) infrared range finder of power 1 mW and wavelength of 1000 nm, in 0.1 second is x ...
The kinetic energy of an electron in the second Bohr orbit of a hydrogen atom is equal to $${{{h^2}} \over {xma_0^2}}$$. The value of 10x is _________...
A metal surface is exposed to 500 nm radiation. The threshold frequency of the metal for photoelectric current is 4.3 $$\times$$ 1014 Hz. The velocity...
An accelerated electron has a speed of 5 $$\times$$ 106 ms$$-$$1 with an uncertainty of 0.02%. The uncertainty in finding its location while in motion...
A source of monochromatic radiation of wavelength 400 nm provides 1000 J of energy in 10 seconds. When this radiation falls on the surface of sodium, ...
The wavelength of electrons accelerated from rest through a potential difference of 40 kV is x $$\times$$ 10$$-$$12 m. The value of x is ___________. ...
The Azimuthal quantum number for the valence electrons of Ga+ ion is ___________.(Atomic number of Ga = 31)
A certain orbital has n = 4 and mL = $$-$$3. The number of radial nodes in this orbital is ____________. (Round off to the Nearest Integer)....
The number of orbitals with n = 5, m1 = +2 is ___________. (Round off to the Nearest Integer).
When light of wavelength 248 nm falls on a metal of threshold energy 3.0 eV, the de-Broglie wavelength of emitted electrons is _______$$\mathop A\limi...
A ball weighing 10 g is moving with a velocity of 90 ms$$-$$1. If the uncertainty in its velocity is 5%, then the uncertainty in its position is _____...
Electromagnetic radiation of wavelength 663 nm is just sufficient to ionise the atom of metal A. The ionization enegy of metal A in kJ mol$$-$$1 is __...
Among the following, number of metal/s which can be used as electrodes in the photoelectric cell is _________. (Integer answer)(A) Li(B) Na(C) Rb(D) C...
A proton and a Li3+ nucleus are accelerated by the same potential. If $$\lambda _{Li}$$ and $$\lambda _p$$ denote the de Broglie wavelengths of Li3+ a...
The work function of sodium metal is 4.41 $$ \times $$ 10–19 J. If photons of wavelength 300 nm are incident on the metal, the kinetic energy of the e...
EXAM MAP
Medical
NEET
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
GATE CSEGATE ECEGATE EEGATE MEGATE CEGATE PIGATE IN
CBSE
Class 12