Joint Entrance Examination

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

1

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

Two sides of a rhombus are along the lines, $$x - y + 1 = 0$$ and $$7x - y - 5 = 0$$. If its diagonals intersect at $$(-1, -2)$$, then which one of the following is a vertex of this rhombus?

A

$$\left( {{{ 1} \over 3}, - {8 \over 3}} \right)$$

B

$$\left( - {{{ 10} \over 3}, - {7 \over 3}} \right)$$

C

$$\left( { - 3, - 9} \right)$$

D

$$\left( { - 3, - 8} \right)$$

Let other two sides of rhombus are

$$x - y + \lambda = 0$$

and $$7x - y + \mu = 0$$

then $$O$$ is equidistant from $$AB$$ and $$DC$$ and from $$AD$$ and $$BC$$

$$\therefore$$ $$\left| { - 1 + 2 + 1} \right| = \left| { - 1 + 2 + \lambda } \right| \Rightarrow \lambda = - 3$$

and $$\left| { - 7 + 2 - 5} \right| = \left| { - 7 + 2 + \mu } \right| \Rightarrow \mu = 15$$

$$\therefore$$ Other two sides are $$x-y-3=0$$ and $$7x-y+15=0$$

On solving the equations of sides pairwise, we get

the vertices as $$\left( {{1 \over 3},{{ - 8} \over 3}} \right),\left( {1,2} \right),\left( {{{ - 7} \over 3},{{ - 4} \over 3}} \right),\left( { - 3, - 6} \right)$$

2

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

The number of points, having both co-ordinates as integers, that lie in the interior of the triangle with vertices $$(0, 0)$$ $$(0, 41)$$ and $$(41, 0)$$ is :

A

820

B

780

C

901

D

861

The number of integral points lie inside the triangle are

1. If x = 1, then y may be 1, 2, 3, ....., 39

2. If x = 2, then y may be 1, 2, 3, ....., 38

3. If x = 3, then y may be 1, 2, 3, ....., 37

$$ \vdots $$

39. If x = 39, then the value of y is 1.

Hence, the number of interior points are

$$1 + 2 + 3 + .... + 39 = {{39 \times 40} \over 2} = 780$$3

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

Let $$a, b, c$$ and $$d$$ be non-zero numbers. If the point of intersection of the lines $$4ax + 2ay + c = 0$$ and $$5bx + 2by + d = 0$$ lies in the fourth quadrant and is equidistant from the two axes then

A

$$3bc - 2ad = 0$$

B

$$3bc + 2ad = 0$$

C

$$2bc - 3ad = 0$$

D

$$2bc + 3ad = 0$$

Since the point of intersection lies on fourth quadrant and equidistant from the two axes,

i.e., let the point be (k, $$-$$k) and this point satisfies the two equations of the given lines.

$$\therefore$$ 4ak $$-$$ 2ak + c = 0 ......... (1)

and 5bk $$-$$ 2bk + d = 0 ..... (2)

From (1) we get, $$k = {{ - c} \over {2a}}$$

Putting the value of k in (2) we get,

$$5b\left( { - {c \over {2a}}} \right) - 2b\left( { - {c \over {2a}}} \right) + d = 0$$

or, $$ - {{5bc} \over {2a}} + {{2bc} \over {2a}} + d = 0$$ or, $$ - {{3bc} \over {2a}} + d = 0$$

or, $$ - 3bc + 2ad = 0$$ or, $$3bc - 2ad = 0$$

4

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

Let $$PS$$ be the median of the triangle with vertices $$P(2, 2)$$, $$Q(6, -1)$$ and $$R(7, 3)$$. The equation of the line passing through $$(1, -1)$$ band parallel to PS is:

A

$$4x + 7y + 3 = 0$$

B

$$2x - 9y - 11 = 0$$

C

$$4x - 7y - 11 = 0$$

D

$$2x + 9y + 7 = 0$$

Let $$P,Q,R,$$ be the vertices of $$\Delta PQR$$

Since $$PS$$ is the median, $$S$$ is mid-point of $$QR$$

So, $$S = \left( {{{7 + 6} \over 2},{{3 - 1} \over 2}} \right) = \left( {{{13} \over 2},1} \right)$$

Now, slope of $$PS$$ $$ = {{2 - 1} \over {2 - {{13} \over 2}}} = - {2 \over 9}$$

Since, required line is parallel to $$PS$$ therefore slope of required line $$=$$ slope of $$PS$$

Now, equation of line passing through $$(1, -1)$$ and having slope $$ - {2 \over 9}$$ is

$$y - \left( { - 1} \right) = - {2 \over 9}\left( {x - 1} \right)$$

$$9y + 9 = - 2x + 2$$

$$ \Rightarrow 2x + 9y + 7 = 0$$

Since $$PS$$ is the median, $$S$$ is mid-point of $$QR$$

So, $$S = \left( {{{7 + 6} \over 2},{{3 - 1} \over 2}} \right) = \left( {{{13} \over 2},1} \right)$$

Now, slope of $$PS$$ $$ = {{2 - 1} \over {2 - {{13} \over 2}}} = - {2 \over 9}$$

Since, required line is parallel to $$PS$$ therefore slope of required line $$=$$ slope of $$PS$$

Now, equation of line passing through $$(1, -1)$$ and having slope $$ - {2 \over 9}$$ is

$$y - \left( { - 1} \right) = - {2 \over 9}\left( {x - 1} \right)$$

$$9y + 9 = - 2x + 2$$

$$ \Rightarrow 2x + 9y + 7 = 0$$

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Complex Numbers

Quadratic Equation and Inequalities

Permutations and Combinations

Mathematical Induction and Binomial Theorem

Sequences and Series

Matrices and Determinants

Vector Algebra and 3D Geometry

Probability

Statistics

Mathematical Reasoning

Trigonometric Functions & Equations

Properties of Triangle

Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Straight Lines and Pair of Straight Lines

Circle

Conic Sections

Functions

Limits, Continuity and Differentiability

Differentiation

Application of Derivatives

Indefinite Integrals

Definite Integrals and Applications of Integrals

Differential Equations