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1

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 27th August Evening Shift

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
Each of the persons A and B independently tosses three fair coins. The probability that both of them get the same number of heads is :
A
$${1 \over 8}$$
B
$${5 \over 8}$$
C
$${5 \over 16}$$
D
1

Explanation

Let x be the number of heads obtained by A, and y be the number of heads obtained by B.

Note that x and y are binomial variable with parameters n = 3 and p = $${1 \over 2}$$

$$\therefore$$ Probability that both A and B obtained the same number of heads is

$$ = P(x = 0)\,.\,P(y = 0) + P(x = 1)\,.\,P(y = 1) + P(x = 2)\,.\,P(y = 2) + P(x = 3)\,.\,P(y = 3)$$

$$ = {\left[ {{3_{{C_0}}}{{\left( {{1 \over 2}} \right)}^3}} \right]^2} + {\left[ {{3_{{C_1}}}{{\left( {{1 \over 2}} \right)}^3}} \right]^2} + {\left[ {{3_{{C_2}}}{{\left( {{1 \over 2}} \right)}^3}} \right]^2} + {\left[ {{3_{{C_3}}}{{\left( {{1 \over 2}} \right)}^3}} \right]^2}$$

$$ = {\left( {{1 \over 2}} \right)^6}\left[ {1 + 9 + 9 + 1} \right]$$

$$ = {{20} \over {64}}$$

$$ = {5 \over {16}}$$

2

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 27th August Morning Shift

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
When a certain biased die is rolled, a particular face occurs with probability $${1 \over 6} - x$$ and its opposite face occurs with probability $${1 \over 6} + x$$. All other faces occur with probability $${1 \over 6}$$. Note that opposite faces sum to 7 in any die. If 0 < x < $${1 \over 6}$$, and the probability of obtaining total sum = 7, when such a die is rolled twice, is $${13 \over 96}$$, then the value of x is :
A
$${1 \over 16}$$
B
$${1 \over 8}$$
C
$${1 \over 9}$$
D
$${1 \over 12}$$

Explanation

Probability of obtaining total sum 7 = probability of getting opposite faces.

Probability of getting opposite faces

$$ = 2\left[ {\left( {{1 \over 6} - x} \right)\left( {{1 \over 6} + x} \right) + {1 \over 6} \times {1 \over 6} + {1 \over 6} \times {1 \over 6}} \right]$$

$$ \Rightarrow 2\left[ {\left( {{1 \over 6} - x} \right)\left( {{1 \over 6} + x} \right) + {1 \over 6} \times {1 \over 6} + {1 \over 6} \times {1 \over 6}} \right] = {{13} \over {96}}$$ (given)

$$ \Rightarrow $$ $$x = {1 \over 8}$$
3

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 26th August Evening Shift

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
Two fair dice are thrown. The numbers on them are taken as $$\lambda$$ and $$\mu$$, and a system of linear equations

x + y + z = 5

x + 2y + 3z = $$\mu$$

x + 3y + $$\lambda$$z = 1

is constructed. If p is the probability that the system has a unique solution and q is the probability that the system has no solution, then :
A
$$p = {1 \over 6}$$ and $$q = {1 \over 36}$$
B
$$p = {5 \over 6}$$ and $$q = {5 \over 36}$$
C
$$p = {5 \over 6}$$ and $$q = {1 \over 36}$$
D
$$p = {1 \over 6}$$ and $$q = {5 \over 36}$$

Explanation

$$D \ne 0 \Rightarrow \left| {\matrix{ 1 & 1 & 1 \cr 1 & 2 & 3 \cr 1 & 3 & \lambda \cr } } \right| \ne 0 \Rightarrow \lambda \ne 5$$

For no solution D = 0 $$\Rightarrow$$ $$\lambda$$ = 5

$${D_1} = \left| {\matrix{ 1 & 1 & 5 \cr 1 & 2 & \mu \cr 1 & 3 & 1 \cr } } \right| \ne 0 \Rightarrow \mu \ne 3$$

$$p = {5 \over 6}$$

$$q = {1 \over 6} \times {5 \over 6} = {5 \over {36}}$$

Option (b).
4

JEE Main 2021 (Online) 26th August Evening Shift

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
A fair die is tossed until six is obtained on it. Let x be the number of required tosses, then the conditional probability P(x $$\ge$$ 5 | x > 2) is :
A
$${{125} \over {216}}$$
B
$${{11} \over {36}}$$
C
$${{5} \over {6}}$$
D
$${{25} \over {36}}$$

Explanation

P(x $$\ge$$ 5 | x > 2) = $${{P(x \ge 5)} \over {P(x > 2)}}$$

= $${{{{\left( {{5 \over 6}} \right)}^4}.{1 \over 6} + {{\left( {{5 \over 6}} \right)}^5}.{1 \over 6} + ....... + \infty } \over {{{\left( {{5 \over 6}} \right)}^2}.{1 \over 6} + {{\left( {{5 \over 6}} \right)}^3}.{1 \over 6} + ...... + \infty }}$$

=$${{{{{{\left( {{5 \over 6}} \right)}^4}.{1 \over 5}} \over {1 - {5 \over 6}}}} \over {{{{{\left( {{5 \over 6}} \right)}^2}.{1 \over 6}} \over {1 - {5 \over 6}}}}} = {\left( {{5 \over 6}} \right)^2} = {{25} \over {36}}$$

Questions Asked from Probability

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