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1

JEE Main 2015 (Offline)

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
The sum of first 9 terms of the series.

$${{{1^3}} \over 1} + {{{1^3} + {2^3}} \over {1 + 3}} + {{{1^3} + {2^3} + {3^3}} \over {1 + 3 + 5}} + ......$$
A
142
B
192
C
71
D
96

Explanation

$${n^{th}}$$ term of series

$$ = {{\left[ {{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)} \over 2}} \right]} \over {{n^2}}} = {1 \over 4}{\left( {n + 1} \right)^2}$$

Sum of $$n$$ term $$ = \sum {{1 \over 4}} {\left( {n + 1} \right)^2}$$

$$ = {1 \over 4}\left[ {\sum {n{}^2} + 2\sum n + n} \right]$$

$$ = {1 \over 4}\left[ {{{n\left( {n + 1} \right)\left( {2n + 1} \right)} \over 6} + {{2n\left( {n + 1} \right)} \over 2} + n} \right]$$

Sum of $$9$$ terms

$$ = {1 \over 4}\left[ {{{9 \times 10 \times 19} \over 6} + {{18 \times 10} \over 2} + 9} \right] = {{384} \over 4} = 96$$
2

JEE Main 2014 (Offline)

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
If $${(10)^9} + 2{(11)^1}\,({10^8}) + 3{(11)^2}\,{(10)^7} + ......... + 10{(11)^9} = k{(10)^9},$$, then k is equal to :
A
100
B
110
C
$${{121} \over {10}}$$
D
$${{441} \over {100}}$$

Explanation

Let $${10^9} + 2.\left( {11} \right){\left( {10} \right)^8} + 3{\left( {11} \right)^2}{\left( {10} \right)^7} + ...$$

$$\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, + 10{\left( {11} \right)^9} = k{\left( {10} \right)^9}$$

Let $$x = {10^9} + 2.\left( {11} \right){\left( {10} \right)^8} + 3{\left( {11} \right)^2}{\left( {10} \right)^7}$$

$$\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, + ..... + 10{\left( {11} \right)^9}$$

Multiplied by $${{11} \over {10}}$$ on both the sides

$${{11} \over {10}}x = {11.10^8} + 2.{\left( {11} \right)^2}.{\left( {10} \right)^7} + .....$$

$$\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, + 9\left( {11} \right){}^9 + {11^{10}}$$

$$x\left( {1 - {{11} \over {10}}} \right) = {10^9} + 11{\left( {10} \right)^8} + 11{}^2 \times {\left( {10} \right)^7}$$

$$\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, + ... + {11^9} - {11^{10}}$$

$$ \Rightarrow - {x \over {10}} = {10^9}\left[ {{{{{\left( {{{11} \over {10}}} \right)}^{10}} - 1} \over {{{11} \over {10}} - 1}}} \right] - {11^{10}}$$

$$ \Rightarrow - {x \over {10}} = \left( {{{11}^{10}} - {{10}^{10}}} \right) - {11^{10}} = - {10^{10}}$$

$$ \Rightarrow x = {10^{11}} = k{.10^9}$$

Given $$ \Rightarrow k = 100$$
3

JEE Main 2014 (Offline)

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
Three positive numbers form an increasing G.P. If the middle term in this G.P. is doubled, the new numbers are in A.P. then the common ratio of the G.P. is :
A
$$2 - \sqrt 3 $$
B
$$2 + \sqrt 3 $$
C
$$\sqrt 2 + \sqrt 3 $$
D
$$3 + \sqrt 2 $$

Explanation

Let $$a,ar,a{r^2}$$ are in $$G.P.$$

According to the question

$$a,2ar,a{r^2}$$ are in $$A.P.$$

$$ \Rightarrow 2 \times 2ar = a + a{r^2}$$

$$ \Rightarrow 4r = 1 + {r^2}$$

$$ \Rightarrow {r^2} - 4r + 1 = 0$$

$$r = {{4 \pm \sqrt {16 - 4} } \over 2} = 2 \pm \sqrt 3 $$

Since $$r > 1$$

$$\therefore$$ $$\pi = 2 - \sqrt 3 $$ is rejected

Hence, $$r = 2 + \sqrt 3 $$
4

JEE Main 2013 (Offline)

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
The sum of first 20 terms of the sequence 0.7, 0.77, 0.777,........,is
A
$${7 \over {81}}\left( {179 - {{10}^{ - 20}}} \right)$$
B
$$\,{7 \over 9}\left( {99 - {{10}^{ - 20}}} \right)$$
C
$${7 \over {81}}\left( {179 + {{10}^{ - 20}}} \right)$$
D
$${7 \over 9}\left( {99 + {{10}^{ - 20}}} \right)$$

Explanation

Given sequence can be written as

$${7 \over {10}} + {{77} \over {100}} + {{777} \over {{{10}^3}}} + ..... + $$ up to $$20$$ terms

$$ = 7\left[ {{1 \over {10}} + {{11} \over {100}} + {{111} \over {{{10}^3}}} + ...... + } \right.\,\,$$ up to $$20$$ terms ]

Multiply and divide by $$9$$

$$ = {7 \over 9}\left[ {{9 \over {10}} + {{99} \over {100}} + {{999} \over {1000}} + ......} \right.\,\,$$ $$+$$ up to $$20$$ terms ]

$$ = {7 \over 9}\left[ {\left( {1 - {1 \over {10}}} \right)} \right. + \left( {1 - {1 \over {{{10}^2}}}} \right) + \left( {1 - {1 \over {{{10}^3}}}} \right) + ......$$ $$+$$ up to $$20$$ terms ]

$$ = {7 \over 9}\left[ {20 - {{{1 \over {10}}\left( {1 - {{\left( {{1 \over {10}}} \right)}^{20}}} \right)} \over {1 - {1 \over {10}}}}} \right]$$

$$ = {7 \over 9}\left[ {{{179} \over 9} + {1 \over 9}{{\left( {{1 \over {10}}} \right)}^{20}}} \right]$$

$$ = {7 \over {81}}\left[ {179 + {{\left( {10} \right)}^{ - 20}}} \right]$$

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