Joint Entrance Examination

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

1

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

The locus of a point $$P\left( {\alpha ,\beta } \right)$$ moving under the condition that the line $$y = \alpha x + \beta $$ is tangent to the hyperbola $${{{x^2}} \over {{a^2}}} - {{{y^2}} \over {{b^2}}} = 1$$ is

A

an ellipse

B

a circle

C

a parabola

D

a hyperbola

Tangent to the hyperbola $${{{x^2}} \over {{a^2}}} - {{{y^2}} \over {{b^2}}} = 1$$ is

$$y = mx \pm \sqrt {{a^2}{m^2} - {b^2}} $$

Given that $$y = \alpha x + \beta $$ is the tangent of hyperbola

$$ \Rightarrow m = \alpha $$ and $${a^2}{m^2} - {b^2} = {\beta ^2}$$

$$\therefore$$ $${a^2}{\alpha ^2} - {b^2} = {\beta ^2}$$

Locus is $${a^2}{x^2} - {y^2} = {b^2}$$ which is hyperbola.

$$y = mx \pm \sqrt {{a^2}{m^2} - {b^2}} $$

Given that $$y = \alpha x + \beta $$ is the tangent of hyperbola

$$ \Rightarrow m = \alpha $$ and $${a^2}{m^2} - {b^2} = {\beta ^2}$$

$$\therefore$$ $${a^2}{\alpha ^2} - {b^2} = {\beta ^2}$$

Locus is $${a^2}{x^2} - {y^2} = {b^2}$$ which is hyperbola.

2

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

Let $$P$$ be the point $$(1, 0)$$ and $$Q$$ a point on the parabola $${y^2} = 8x$$. The locus of mid point of $$PQ$$ is

A

$${y^2} - 4x + 2 = 0$$

B

$${y^2} + 4x + 2 = 0$$

C

$${x^2} + 4y + 2 = 0$$

D

$${x^2} - 4y + 2 = 0$$

$$P = \left( {1,0} \right)\,\,Q = \left( {h,k} \right)$$ Such that $${k^2} = 8h$$

Let $$\left( {\alpha ,\beta } \right)$$ be the midpoint of $$PQ$$

$$\alpha = {{h + 1} \over 2},\,\,\,\beta = {{k + 0} \over 2}$$

$$ \therefore $$ $$2\alpha - 1 = h\,\,\,\,\,\,2\beta = k.$$

$${\left( {2\beta } \right)^2} = 8\left( {2\alpha - 1} \right) \Rightarrow {\beta ^2} = 4\alpha - 2$$

$$ \Rightarrow {y^2} - 4x + 2 = 0.$$

Let $$\left( {\alpha ,\beta } \right)$$ be the midpoint of $$PQ$$

$$\alpha = {{h + 1} \over 2},\,\,\,\beta = {{k + 0} \over 2}$$

$$ \therefore $$ $$2\alpha - 1 = h\,\,\,\,\,\,2\beta = k.$$

$${\left( {2\beta } \right)^2} = 8\left( {2\alpha - 1} \right) \Rightarrow {\beta ^2} = 4\alpha - 2$$

$$ \Rightarrow {y^2} - 4x + 2 = 0.$$

3

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

An ellipse has $$OB$$ as semi minor axis, $$F$$ and $$F$$' its focii and theangle $$FBF$$' is a right angle. Then the eccentricity of the ellipse is

A

$${1 \over {\sqrt 2 }}$$

B

$${1 \over 2}$$

C

$${1 \over 4}$$

D

$${1 \over {\sqrt 3 }}$$

as $$\angle FBF' = {90^ \circ }$$

$$ \Rightarrow F{B^2} + F'{B^2} = FF{'^2}$$

$$\therefore$$ $${\left( {\sqrt {{a^2}{e^2} + {b^2}} } \right)^2} + \left( {\sqrt {{a^2}{e^2} + {b^2}} } \right) = {\left( {2ae} \right)^2}$$

$$ \Rightarrow 2\left( {{a^2}{e^2} + {b^2}} \right) = 4{a^2}{e^2}$$

$$ \Rightarrow {e^2} = {{{b^2}} \over {{a^2}}}$$

Also $${e^2} = 1 - {b^2}/{a^2} = 1 - {e^2}$$

$$ \Rightarrow 2{e^2} = 1,\,\,e = {1 \over {\sqrt 2 }}$$

$$ \Rightarrow F{B^2} + F'{B^2} = FF{'^2}$$

$$\therefore$$ $${\left( {\sqrt {{a^2}{e^2} + {b^2}} } \right)^2} + \left( {\sqrt {{a^2}{e^2} + {b^2}} } \right) = {\left( {2ae} \right)^2}$$

$$ \Rightarrow 2\left( {{a^2}{e^2} + {b^2}} \right) = 4{a^2}{e^2}$$

$$ \Rightarrow {e^2} = {{{b^2}} \over {{a^2}}}$$

Also $${e^2} = 1 - {b^2}/{a^2} = 1 - {e^2}$$

$$ \Rightarrow 2{e^2} = 1,\,\,e = {1 \over {\sqrt 2 }}$$

4

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

The eccentricity of an ellipse, with its centre at the origin, is $${1 \over 2}$$. If one of the directrices is $$x=4$$, then the equation of the ellipse is:

A

$$4{x^2} + 3{y^2} = 1$$

B

$$3{x^2} + 4{y^2} = 12$$

C

$$4{x^2} + 3{y^2} = 12$$

D

$$3{x^2} + 4{y^2} = 1$$

$$e = {1 \over 2}.\,\,$$ Directrix, $$x = {a \over e} = 4$$

$$\therefore$$ $$a = 4 \times {1 \over 2} = 2$$

$$\therefore$$ $$b = 2\sqrt {1 - {1 \over 4}} = \sqrt 3 $$

Equation of elhipe is

$${{{x^2}} \over 4} + {{{y^2}} \over 3} = 1 \Rightarrow 3{x^2} + 4{y^2} = 12$$

$$\therefore$$ $$a = 4 \times {1 \over 2} = 2$$

$$\therefore$$ $$b = 2\sqrt {1 - {1 \over 4}} = \sqrt 3 $$

Equation of elhipe is

$${{{x^2}} \over 4} + {{{y^2}} \over 3} = 1 \Rightarrow 3{x^2} + 4{y^2} = 12$$

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Complex Numbers

Quadratic Equation and Inequalities

Permutations and Combinations

Mathematical Induction and Binomial Theorem

Sequences and Series

Matrices and Determinants

Vector Algebra and 3D Geometry

Probability

Statistics

Mathematical Reasoning

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Properties of Triangle

Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Straight Lines and Pair of Straight Lines

Circle

Conic Sections

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Application of Derivatives

Indefinite Integrals

Definite Integrals and Applications of Integrals

Differential Equations