Joint Entrance Examination

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

1

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

If the circles $${x^2}\, + \,{y^2} + \,2ax\, + \,cy\, + a\,\, = 0$$ and $${x^2}\, + \,{y^2} - \,3ax\, + \,dy\, - 1\,\, = 0$$ intersect in two ditinct points P and Q then the line 5x + by - a = 0 passes through P and Q for

A

exactly one value of a

B

no value of a

C

infinitely many values of a

D

exactly two values of a

$${s_1} = {x^2} + {y^2} + 2ax + cy + a = 0$$

$${s_2} = {x^2} + {y^2} - 3ax + dy - 1 = 0$$

Equation of common chord of circles $${s_1}$$ and $${s_2}$$ is

given by $${s_1} - {s_2} = 0$$

$$ \Rightarrow 5ax + \left( {c - d} \right)y + a + 1 = 0$$

Given that $$5x + by - a = 0$$ passes through $$P$$ and $$Q$$

$$\therefore$$ The two equations should represent the same line

$$ \Rightarrow {a \over 1} = {{c - d} \over b} = {{a + 1} \over { - a}}$$

$$ \Rightarrow a + 1 = - {a^2}$$

$${a^2} + a + 1 = 0$$

No real value of $$a.$$

$${s_2} = {x^2} + {y^2} - 3ax + dy - 1 = 0$$

Equation of common chord of circles $${s_1}$$ and $${s_2}$$ is

given by $${s_1} - {s_2} = 0$$

$$ \Rightarrow 5ax + \left( {c - d} \right)y + a + 1 = 0$$

Given that $$5x + by - a = 0$$ passes through $$P$$ and $$Q$$

$$\therefore$$ The two equations should represent the same line

$$ \Rightarrow {a \over 1} = {{c - d} \over b} = {{a + 1} \over { - a}}$$

$$ \Rightarrow a + 1 = - {a^2}$$

$${a^2} + a + 1 = 0$$

No real value of $$a.$$

2

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

If a circle passes through the point (a, b) and cuts the circle $${x^2}\, + \,{y^2} = {p^2}$$ orthogonally, then the equation of the locus of its centre is

A

$${x^2}\, + \,{y^2} - \,3ax\, - \,4\,by\,\, + \,({a^2}\, + \,{b^2} - {p^2}) = 0$$

B

$$2ax\, + \,\,2\,by\,\, - \,({a^2}\, - \,{b^2} + {p^2}) = 0$$

C

$${x^2}\, + \,{y^2} - \,2ax\, - \,\,3\,by\,\, + \,({a^2}\, - \,{b^2} - {p^2}) = 0$$

D

$$2ax\, + \,\,2\,by\,\, - \,({a^2}\, + \,{b^2} + {p^2}) = 0$$

Let the center be $$\left( {\alpha ,\beta } \right)$$

As It cuts the circle $${x^2} + {y^2} = {p^2}$$ orthogonally

$$\therefore$$ Using $$2{g_1}{g_2} + 2{f_1}{f_2} = {c_1} + {c_2},\,\,$$ we get

$$2\left( { - \alpha } \right) \times 0 + 2\left( { - \beta } \right) \times 0$$

$$ = {c_1} - {p^2} \Rightarrow {c_1} = {p^2}$$

Let equation of circle is

$${x^2} + {y^2} - 2\alpha x - 2\beta y + {p^2} = 0$$

It passes through

$$\left( {a,b} \right) \Rightarrow {a^2} + {b^2} - 2\alpha a - 2\beta b + {p^2} = 0$$

$$\therefore$$ Locus of $$\left( {\alpha ,\beta } \right)$$ is

$$\therefore$$ $$2ax + 2by - \left( {{a^2} + {b^2} + {p^2}} \right) = 0.$$

As It cuts the circle $${x^2} + {y^2} = {p^2}$$ orthogonally

$$\therefore$$ Using $$2{g_1}{g_2} + 2{f_1}{f_2} = {c_1} + {c_2},\,\,$$ we get

$$2\left( { - \alpha } \right) \times 0 + 2\left( { - \beta } \right) \times 0$$

$$ = {c_1} - {p^2} \Rightarrow {c_1} = {p^2}$$

Let equation of circle is

$${x^2} + {y^2} - 2\alpha x - 2\beta y + {p^2} = 0$$

It passes through

$$\left( {a,b} \right) \Rightarrow {a^2} + {b^2} - 2\alpha a - 2\beta b + {p^2} = 0$$

$$\therefore$$ Locus of $$\left( {\alpha ,\beta } \right)$$ is

$$\therefore$$ $$2ax + 2by - \left( {{a^2} + {b^2} + {p^2}} \right) = 0.$$

3

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

A circle touches the x-axis and also touches the circle with centre at (0, 3) and radius 2. The locus of the centre of the circle is

A

an ellipse

B

a circle

C

a hyperbola

D

a parabola

Equation of circle with center $$(0,3)$$ and radius $$2$$ is

$${x^2} + {\left( {y - 3} \right)^2} = 4$$

Let locus of the variable circle is $$\left( {\alpha ,\beta } \right)$$

As it touches $$x$$-axis.

$$\therefore$$ It's equation is $${\left( {x - \alpha } \right)^2} + {\left( {y + \beta } \right)^2} = {\beta ^2}$$

Circle touch externally $$ \Rightarrow {c_1}{c_2} = {r_1} + {r_2}$$

$$\therefore$$ $$\sqrt {{\alpha ^2} + {{\left( {\beta - 3} \right)}^2}} = 2 + \beta $$

$${\alpha ^2} + {\left( {\beta - 3} \right)^2} = {\beta ^2} + 4 + 4\beta $$

$$ \Rightarrow {\alpha ^2} = 10\left( {\beta - 1/2} \right)$$

$$\therefore$$ Locus is $${x^2} = 10\left( {y - {1 \over 2}} \right)$$ which is parabola.

$${x^2} + {\left( {y - 3} \right)^2} = 4$$

Let locus of the variable circle is $$\left( {\alpha ,\beta } \right)$$

As it touches $$x$$-axis.

$$\therefore$$ It's equation is $${\left( {x - \alpha } \right)^2} + {\left( {y + \beta } \right)^2} = {\beta ^2}$$

Circle touch externally $$ \Rightarrow {c_1}{c_2} = {r_1} + {r_2}$$

$$\therefore$$ $$\sqrt {{\alpha ^2} + {{\left( {\beta - 3} \right)}^2}} = 2 + \beta $$

$${\alpha ^2} + {\left( {\beta - 3} \right)^2} = {\beta ^2} + 4 + 4\beta $$

$$ \Rightarrow {\alpha ^2} = 10\left( {\beta - 1/2} \right)$$

$$\therefore$$ Locus is $${x^2} = 10\left( {y - {1 \over 2}} \right)$$ which is parabola.

4

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

Intercept on the line y = x by the circle $${x^2}\, + \,{y^2} - 2x = 0$$ is AB. Equation of the circle on AB as a diameter is

A

$$\,{x^2}\, + \,{y^2} + \,x\, - \,y\,\, = 0$$

B

$$\,{x^2}\, + \,{y^2} - \,x\, + \,y\,\, = 0$$

C

$$\,{x^2}\, + \,{y^2} + \,x\, + \,y\,\, = 0$$

D

$$\,{x^2}\, + \,{y^2} - \,x\, - \,y\,\, = 0$$

Solving $$y=x$$ and the circle

$${x^2} + {y^2} - 2x = 0,$$ we get

$$x = 0,y = 0$$ and $$x=1,$$ $$y=1$$

$$\therefore$$ Extremities of diameter of the required circle are

$$\left( {0,0} \right)$$ and $$\left( {1,1} \right)$$. Hence, the equation of circle is

$$\left( {x - 0} \right)\left( {x - 1} \right) + \left( {y - 0} \right)\left( {y - 1} \right) = 0$$

$$ \Rightarrow {x^2} + {y^2} - x - y = 0$$

$${x^2} + {y^2} - 2x = 0,$$ we get

$$x = 0,y = 0$$ and $$x=1,$$ $$y=1$$

$$\therefore$$ Extremities of diameter of the required circle are

$$\left( {0,0} \right)$$ and $$\left( {1,1} \right)$$. Hence, the equation of circle is

$$\left( {x - 0} \right)\left( {x - 1} \right) + \left( {y - 0} \right)\left( {y - 1} \right) = 0$$

$$ \Rightarrow {x^2} + {y^2} - x - y = 0$$

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Complex Numbers

Quadratic Equation and Inequalities

Permutations and Combinations

Mathematical Induction and Binomial Theorem

Sequences and Series

Matrices and Determinants

Vector Algebra and 3D Geometry

Probability

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Mathematical Reasoning

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Properties of Triangle

Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Straight Lines and Pair of Straight Lines

Circle

Conic Sections

Functions

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Application of Derivatives

Indefinite Integrals

Definite Integrals and Applications of Integrals

Differential Equations