1

### JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th January Evening Slot

Four equal point charges Q each are placed in the xy plane at (0, 2), (4, 2), (4, –2) and (0, –2). The work required to put a fifth charge Q at the origin of the coordinate system will be -
A
${{{Q_2}} \over {4\pi {\varepsilon _0}}}$
B
${{{Q^2}} \over {2\sqrt 2 \pi {\varepsilon _0}}}$
C
${{{Q_2}} \over {4\pi {\varepsilon _0}}}\left( {1 + {1 \over {\sqrt 3 }}} \right)$
D
${{{Q_2}} \over {4\pi {\varepsilon _0}}}\left( {1 + {1 \over {\sqrt 5 }}} \right)$

## Explanation Potential at origin = ${{KQ} \over 2} + {{KQ} \over 2} + {{KQ} \over {\sqrt {20} }} + {{KQ} \over {\sqrt {20} }}$

(Potential at $\infty$ = 0)

= KQ$\left( {1 + {1 \over {\sqrt 5 }}} \right)$

$\therefore$  Work required to put a fifth charge Q

at origin is equal to ${{{Q^2}} \over {4\pi {\varepsilon _0}}}\left( {1 + {1 \over {\sqrt 5 }}} \right)$
2

### JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th January Evening Slot

A current of 2 mA was passed through an unknown resistor which dissipated a power of 4.4 W. Dissipated power when an ideal power supply of 11 V is connected across it is -
A
11 $\times$ 10–5 W
B
11 $\times$ 10–3 W
C
11 $\times$ 105 W
D
11 $\times$ 10–4 W

## Explanation

P = I2R

4.4 = 4 $\times$ 10$-$6 R

R = 1.1 $\times$ 106 $\Omega$

P' = ${{{{11}^2}} \over R}$ = ${{{{11}^2}} \over {1.1}}$ $\times$ 10$-$6 = 11 $\times$ 10$-$5 W
3

### JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th January Evening Slot

A parallel plate capacitor having capacitance 12 pF is charged by a battery to a potential difference of 10 V between its plates. The charging battery is now disconnected and a porcelain slab of dielectric constant 6.5 is slipped between the plates. The work done by the capacitor on the slab is :
A
508 pJ
B
692 pJ
C
560 pJ
D
600 pJ

## Explanation

Initial energy of capacitor

Ui = ${1 \over 2}$ ${{{v^2}} \over c}$

= ${1 \over 2}$ $\times$ ${{120 \times 120} \over {12}}$ = 600 J

Since battery is disconnected so charge remain same.

Final energy of capacitor

Uf = ${1 \over 2}{{{v^2}} \over c}$

= ${1 \over 2} \times {{120 \times 120} \over {12 \times 6.5}}$ = 92

W + Uf = Ui

W = 508 J
4

### JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th January Evening Slot

The actual value of resistance R, shown in the figure is 30$\Omega$. This is measuered in an experiment as shown using the standard formula R = ${V \over {\rm I}}$, where V and I are the readings of the voltmeter and ammeter, respectively. If the measured value of R is 5% less, then the internal resistance of the voltmeter is - A
570 $\Omega$
B
600 $\Omega$
C
350 $\Omega$
D
35 $\Omega$

## Explanation

0.95 R = ${{R{R_v}} \over {R + {R_v}}}$

0.95 $\times$ 30 = 0.05 Rv

Rv = 19 $\times$ 30 = 570 $\Omega$