 JEE Mains Previous Years Questions with Solutions

4.5
star star star star star
1

AIEEE 2006

An electric dipole is placed at an angle of ${30^ \circ }$ to a non-uniform electric field. The dipole will experience
A
a translation force only in the direction of the field
B
a translation force only in a direction normal to the direction of the field
C
a torque as well as a translational force
D
a torque only

Explanation The electric field will be different at the location of the two charges. Therefore the two forces will be unequal. This will result in a force as well as torque.
2

AIEEE 2005

A fully charged capacitor has a capacitance $'C'$. It is discharged through a small coil of resistance wire embedded in a thermally insulated block of specific heat capacity $'s'$ and mass $'m'.$ If the temperature of the block is raised by $'\Delta T',$ the potential difference $'v'$ across the capacitance is
A
${{mCAT} \over s}$
B
$\sqrt {{{2mCAT} \over s}}$
C
$\sqrt {{{2msAT} \over C}}$
D
${{ms\Delta T} \over C}$

Explanation

Applying conservation of energy,

${1 \over 2}C{V^2} = m.s\Delta T;\,\,\,$

$V = \sqrt {{{2m.s.\Delta T} \over C}}$
3

AIEEE 2005

A charged ball $B$ hangs from a silk thread $S,$ which makes angle $\theta$ with a large charged conducting sheet $P,$ as shown in the figure. The surface charge density $\sigma$ of the sheet is proportional to f
A
$\cot \,\theta$
B
$\cos \,\theta$
C
$\tan \,\theta$
D
$\sin \,\theta$

Explanation $T\sin \theta = {\sigma \over {{\varepsilon _0}K}}.q\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,...\left( i \right)$

$T\cos \theta = mg\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,...\left( {ii} \right)$

Dividing $(i)$ by $(ii),$

$\tan \theta = {{\sigma q} \over {{\varepsilon _0}K.mg}}$
$\therefore$ $\sigma \propto \,\tan \theta$
4

AIEEE 2005

Two thin wire rings each having a radius $R$ are placed at a distance $d$ apart with their axes coinciding. The charges on the two rings are $+q$ and $-q.$ The potential difference between the centres of the two rings is
A
${q \over {2\pi \,{ \in _0}}}\left[ {{1 \over R} - {1 \over {\sqrt {{R^2} + {d^2}} }}} \right]$
B
${{qR} \over {4\pi \,{ \in _0}\,{d^2}}}$
C
${q \over {4\pi \,{ \in _0}}}\left[ {{1 \over R} - {1 \over {\sqrt {{R^2} + {d^2}} }}} \right]$
D
zero

Explanation ${V_A} = {V_{self}} + {V_{due}}$ to $(2)$

$\Rightarrow {V_A} = {1 \over {4\pi {\varepsilon _0}}}\left[ {{q \over R} - {q \over {\sqrt {{R^2} + {d^2}} }}} \right]$

${V_B} = {V_{self}} + {V_{due}}$ to $(1)$

$\Rightarrow {V_B} = {1 \over {4\pi {\varepsilon _0}}}\left[ {{{ - q} \over R} + {q \over {\sqrt {{R^2} + {d^2}} }}} \right]$

$\Delta V = {V_A} - {V_B}$
$= {1 \over {4\pi {\varepsilon _0}}}\left[ {{q \over R} + {q \over R} - {q \over {\sqrt {{R^2} + {d^2}} }} - {q \over {\sqrt {{R^2} + {d^2}} }}} \right]$

$= {1 \over {2\pi {\varepsilon _0}}}\left[ {{q \over R} - {q \over {\sqrt {{R^2} + {d^2}} }}} \right]$