1
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th January Evening Slot

Half mole of an ideal monoatomic gas is heated at constant pressure of 1 atm from 20oC to 90oC. Work done by gas is close to – (Gas constant R = 8.31 J/mol.K)
A
581 J
B
73 J
C
146 J
D
291 J

Explanation

WD = P$$\Delta $$V = nR$$\Delta $$T = $${1 \over 2} \times 8.31 \times 70$$
2
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th January Evening Slot

Two kg of a monoatomic gas is at a pressure of 4 $$ \times $$ 104 N/m2. The density of the gas is 8 kg/m3. What is the order of energy of the gas due to its thermal motion ?
A
104 J
B
103 J
C
105 J
D
106 J

Explanation

Thermal energy of N molecule

= N$$\left( {{3 \over 2}kT} \right)$$

= $${N \over {{N_A}}}{3 \over 2}$$RT

= $${3 \over 2}$$(nRT)

= $${3 \over 2}$$PV

= $${3 \over 2}$$P$$\left( {{m \over 8}} \right)$$

= $${3 \over 2}$$ $$ \times $$ 4 $$ \times $$ 104 $$ \times $$ $${2 \over 8}$$

= 1.5 $$ \times $$ 104

order will 104
3
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 10th January Evening Slot

An unknown metal of mass 192 g heated to a temperature of 100oC was immersed into a brass calorimeter of mass 128 g containing 240 g of water at a temperature of 8.4oC. Calculate the specific heat of the unknown metal if water temperature stabilizes at 21.5oC. (Specific heat of brass is 394 J kg–1 K–1)
A
458 J kg–1 K–1
B
1232 J kg–1 K–1
C
654 J kg–1 K–1
D
916 J kg–1 K–1

Explanation

192 $$ \times $$ S $$ \times $$ (100 $$-$$ 21.5)

= 128 $$ \times $$ 394 $$ \times $$ (21.5 $$-$$ 8.4)

       + 240 $$ \times $$ 4200 $$ \times $$ (21.5 $$-$$ 8.4)

$$ \Rightarrow $$   S = 916
4
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

JEE Main 2019 (Online) 11th January Morning Slot

A gas mixture consists of 3 moles of oxygen and 5 moles of argon at temperature T. considering only translational and rotational modes, the total internal energy of the system is :
A
12 RT
B
20 RT
C
4 RT
D
15 RT

Explanation

U $$ = {{{f_1}} \over 2}{n_1}RT + {{{f_2}} \over 2}{n_2}RT$$

$$ = {5 \over 2}\left( {3RT} \right) + {3 \over 2} \times 5RT$$

U $$ = 15RT$$

Questions Asked from Heat and Thermodynamics

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