 JEE Mains Previous Years Questions with Solutions

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1

AIEEE 2003

A sheet of aluminium foil of negligible thickness is introduced between the plates of a capacitor. The capacitance of the capacitor
A
decreases
B
remains unchanged
C
becomes infinite
D
increases

Explanation

The capacitancce of parallel plate capacitor in which a metal plate of thickness $t$ is inserted is given by

$C = {{{\varepsilon _0}A} \over {d - t}}.\,\,\,\,\,$

Here $t \to 0\,\,\,\,\,\,$ $\therefore$ $C = {{{\varepsilon _0}A} \over d}$
2

AIEEE 2003

If the electric flux entering and leaving an enclosed surface respectively is ${\phi _1}$ and ${\phi _2},$ the electric charge inside the surface will be
A
$\left( {{\phi _2} - {\phi _1}} \right){\varepsilon _0}$
B
$\left( {{\phi _2} + {\phi _1}} \right)/{\varepsilon _0}$
C
$\left( {{\phi _2} - {\phi _1}} \right)/{\varepsilon _0}$
D
$\left( {{\phi _1} + {\phi _2}} \right){\varepsilon _0}$

Explanation

The flux entering an enclosed surface is taken as negative and the flux leaving the surface is taken as positive, by convention. Therefore the net flux leaving the enclosed surface $= {\phi _2} - {\phi _1}$

$\therefore$ the change enclosed in the surface by Gauss's law is $q = { \varepsilon _0}\,\left( {{\phi _2} - {\phi _1}} \right)$
3

AIEEE 2002

Capacitance (in $F$) of a spherical conductor with radius $1$ $m$ is
A
$1.1 \times {10^{ - 10}}$
B
${10^{ - 6}}$
C
$9 \times {10^{ - 9}}$
D
${10^{ - 3}}$

Explanation

For an isolated sphere, the capacitance is given by

$C = 4\pi \,{ \in _0}\,r$

$= {1 \over {9 \times {{10}^9}}} \times 1$

$= 1.1 \times {10^{ - 10}}F$
4

AIEEE 2002

If a charge $q$ is placed at the center of the line joining two equal charges $Q$ such that the system is in equilibrium then the value of $q$ is
A
$Q/2$
B
$- Q/2$
C
$Q/4$
D
$- Q/4$

Explanation

For equilibrium of charge $Q$

$K{{Q \times Q} \over {{{\left( {2x} \right)}^2}}} + K{{Qq} \over {{x^2}}} = 0 \Rightarrow q = - {Q \over 4}$ 