 JEE Mains Previous Years Questions with Solutions

4.5
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1

AIEEE 2004

Which of the following sets of quantum numbers is correct for an electron in 4f orbital?
A
n = 4, l = 3, m = +1, s = + 1/2
B
n = 4, l = 4, m = -4, s = - 1/2
C
n = 4, l = 3, m = +4, s = + 1/2
D
n = 3, l = 2, m = -2, s = + 1/2

Explanation

For 4f orbital,

n = 4 and l = 3

Note : ( for s orbital l = 0, for p orbital l = 1, for d orbital l = 2, for f orbital l = 3)

Value of m = + l to - l

Here m = +3 to -3

Value of s = $+ {1 \over 2}$ or $- {1 \over 2}$
2

AIEEE 2003

The de Broglie wavelength of a tennis ball of mass 60 g moving with a velocity of 10 meters per second is approximately
A
10-31 meters
B
10-16 meters
C
10-25 meters
D
10-33 meters

Explanation

As per de-Broglie wavelength of a particle is

Wavelength ($\lambda$) = ${h \over {mv}}$

Where h is plank's constant, m is mass of the particle and v is the velocity of the particle

$\therefore \lambda$ = ${{6.63 \times {{10}^{ - 34}}} \over {0.06 \times 10}}$

= ${{6.63 \times {{10}^{ - 34}} \times 10} \over {0.6 \times 10}}$

= ${{6.63 \times {{10}^{ - 33}}} \over 6}$

$\cong 10{}^{ - 33}$
3

AIEEE 2003

In Bohr series of lines of hydrogen spectrum, the third line from the red end corresponds to which one of the following inter-orbit jumps of the electron for Bohr orbits in an atom of hydrogen
A
5 $\to$ 2
B
4 $\to$ 1
C
2 $\to$ 5
D
3 $\to$ 2

Explanation

In Bohr series of lines of hydrogen spectrum :- Red end means end of visible region which is balmer series of lines so n will be 2

Now for third lines with respect to Balmer series means n = (2 + 3) = 5th line

$\therefore$ n1 = 2 and n2 = 5

For 2 $\to$ 5 electron will need energy to jump as 2 > 5 so no spectrum will release instead energy will be absorbed.

$\therefore$ 5 $\to$ 2
4

AIEEE 2003

Which one of the following groupings represents a collection of isoelectronic species? (At. nos. : Cs : 55, Br : 35)
A
N3-, F-, Na+
B
Be, Al3+, Cl-
C
Ca2+, Cs+, Br
D
Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+

Explanation

Isoelectronic means those species whose electron number are same.

Species Atomic Number Electron Number
N3- 7 7 + 3 = 10
F- 9 9 + 1 = 10
Na+ 11 11 - 1 = 10
Be 4 4
Al3+ 13 13 - 3 = 10
Cl- 17 17 + 1 = 8
Ca2+ 20 20 - 2 = 18
Cs+ 55 55 - 1 = 54
Br 35 35
Mg2+ 12 12 -2 = 10

$\therefore$ N3-, F-, Na+