 JEE Mains Previous Years Questions with Solutions

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1

JEE Main 2014 (Offline)

The pressure that has to be applied to the ends of a steel wire of length $10$ $cm$ to keep its length constant when its temperature is raised by ${100^ \circ }C$ is: (For steel Young's modulus is $2 \times {10^{11}}\,\,N{m^{ - 2}}$ and coefficient of thermal expansion is $1.1 \times {10^{ - 5}}\,{K^{ - 1}}$ )
A
$2.2 \times {10^8}\,\,Pa$
B
$2.2 \times {10^9}\,\,Pa$
C
$2.2 \times {10^7}\,\,Pa$
D
$2.2 \times {10^6}\,\,Pa$

Explanation

Young's modulus $Y = {{stress} \over {strain}}$
$stress = Y \times strain$
$Stress$ in steel wire $=$ Applied $pressure$
$Pressure$ $=$ $stress$ $=$ $Y \times \,strain$
$Strain = {{\Delta L} \over L} = \alpha \Delta T$ (As length is constant)
$= 2 \times {10^{11}} \times 1.1 \times {10^{ - 5}} \times 100$
$= 2.2 \times {10^8}Pa$
2

JEE Main 2013 (Offline)

If a piece of metal is heated to temperature $\theta$ and then allowed to cool in a room which is at temperature ${\theta _0},$ the graph between the temperature $T$ of the metal and time $t$ will be closest to
A B C D Explanation

According to Newton's law of cooling, the temperature goes on decreasing with time non-linearly.
3

JEE Main 2013 (Offline) The above $p$-$v$ diagram represents the thermodynamic cycle of an engine, operating with an ideal monatomic gas. The amount of heat, extracted from the source in a single cycle is

A
${p_0}{v_0}$
B
$\left( {{{13} \over 2}} \right){p_0}{v_0}$
C
$\left( {{{11} \over 2}} \right){p_0}{v_0}$
D
$4{p_0}{v_0}$

Explanation

Along path DA, volume is constant.

Hence, $\Delta$QDA = nCv$\Delta$T = nCv(TA – TD)

$\therefore$ $\Delta$QDA = $n\left( {{3 \over 2}R} \right)\left[ {{{2{p_0}{v_0}} \over {nR}} - {{{p_0}{v_0}} \over {nR}}} \right] = {3 \over 2}{p_0}{v_0}$

Along the path AB, pressure is constant.

Hence $\Delta$QAB = nCp$\Delta$T = nCp(TB – TA)

$\therefore$ $\Delta$QAB = $n\left( {{5 \over 2}R} \right)\left[ {{{2{p_0}2{v_0}} \over {nR}} - {{2{p_0}{v_0}} \over {nR}}} \right] = {{10} \over 2}{p_0}{v_0}$

$\therefore$ The amount of heat extracted from the source in a single cycle is

$\Delta$Q = $\Delta$QDA + $\Delta$QAB

$= {3 \over 2}{p_0}{v_0} + {{10} \over 2}{p_0}{v_0}$ = $\left( {{{13} \over 2}} \right){p_0}{v_0}$
4

AIEEE 2012

A wooden wheel of radius $R$ is made of two semicircular part (see figure). The two parts are held together by a ring made of a metal strip of cross sectional area $S$ and length $L.$ $L$ is slightly less than $2\pi R.$ To fit the ring on the wheel, it is heated so that its temperature rises by $\Delta T$ and it just steps over the wheel. As it cools down to surrounding temperature, it process the semicircular parts together. If the coefficient of linear expansion of the metal is $\alpha$, and its Young's modulus is $Y,$ the force that one part of the wheel applies on the other part is : A
$2\pi SY\alpha \Delta T$
B
$SY\alpha \Delta T$
C
$\pi SY\alpha \Delta T$
D
$2SY\alpha \Delta T$

Explanation

$\gamma = {{F/S} \over {\Delta L/L}} \Rightarrow \Delta L = {{FL} \over {SY}}$
$\therefore$ $L\alpha \Delta T = {{FL} \over {SY}}$
$\left[ \, \right.$ as ${\Delta L = L\alpha \Delta T}$ $\left. \, \right]$
$\therefore$ $F = SY\alpha \Delta T$
$\therefore$ The ring is pressing the wheel from both sides,
$\therefore$ ${F_{net}} = 2F = 2YS\alpha \Delta T$