The force required to stretch a wire of cross-section $$1 \mathrm{~cm}^{2}$$ to double its length will be : (Given Yong's modulus of the wire $$=2 \times 10^{11} \mathrm{~N} / \mathrm{m}^{2}$$)

A steel wire of length $$3.2 \mathrm{~m}\left(\mathrm{Y}_{\mathrm{s}}=2.0 \times 10^{11} \,\mathrm{Nm}^{-2}\right)$$ and a copper wire of length $$4.4 \mathrm{~m}\left(\mathrm{Y}_{\mathrm{c}}=1.1 \times 10^{11} \,\mathrm{Nm}^{-2}\right)$$, both of radius $$1.4 \mathrm{~mm}$$ are connected end to end. When stretched by a load, the net elongation is found to be $$1.4 \mathrm{~mm}$$. The load applied, in Newton, will be: $$\quad\left(\right.$$ Given $$\pi=\frac{22}{7}$$)

Two cylindrical vessels of equal cross-sectional area $$16 \mathrm{~cm}^{2}$$ contain water upto heights $$100 \mathrm{~cm}$$ and $$150 \mathrm{~cm}$$ respectively. The vessels are interconnected so that the water levels in them become equal. The work done by the force of gravity during the process, is [Take, density of water $$=10^{3} \mathrm{~kg} / \mathrm{m}^{3}$$ and $$\mathrm{g}=10 \mathrm{~ms}^{-2}$$ ] :

The area of cross section of the rope used to lift a load by a crane is $$2.5 \times 10^{-4} \mathrm{~m}^{2}$$. The maximum lifting capacity of the crane is 10 metric tons. To increase the lifting capacity of the crane to 25 metric tons, the required area of cross section of the rope should be :

(take $$g=10 \,m s^{-2}$$ )