A uniform heavy rod of mass $$20 \mathrm{~kg}$$, cross sectional area $$0.4 \mathrm{~m}^{2}$$ and length $$20 \mathrm{~m}$$ is hanging from a fixed support. Neglecting the lateral contraction, the elongation in the rod due to its own weight is $$x \times 10^{-9} \mathrm{~m}$$. The value of $$x$$ is _______________.

(Given, young modulus Y = 2 $$\times$$ 10^{11} Nm^{$$-$$2} and g = 10 ms^{$$-$$2})

In an experiment to determine the Young's modulus of wire of a length exactly $$1 \mathrm{~m}$$, the extension in the length of the wire is measured as $$0.4 \mathrm{~mm}$$ with an uncertainty of $$\pm\, 0.02 \mathrm{~mm}$$ when a load of $$1 \mathrm{~kg}$$ is applied. The diameter of the wire is measured as $$0.4 \mathrm{~mm}$$ with an uncertainty of $$\pm \,0.01 \mathrm{~mm}$$. The error in the measurement of Young's modulus $$(\Delta \mathrm{Y})$$ is found to be $$x \times 10^{10}\, \mathrm{Nm}^{-2}$$. The value of $$x$$ is _________________. $$\left(\right.$$take $$\mathrm{g}=10 \mathrm{~ms}^{-2}$$ )

A wire of length $$\mathrm{L}$$ and radius $$\mathrm{r}$$ is clamped rigidly at one end. When the other end of the wire is pulled by a force $$\mathrm{F}$$, its length increases by $$5 \mathrm{~cm}$$. Another wire of the same material of length $$4 \mathrm{L}$$ and radius $$4 \mathrm{r}$$ is pulled by a force $$4 \mathrm{F}$$ under same conditions. The increase in length of this wire is __________________ $$\mathrm{cm}$$.

The excess pressure inside a liquid drop is 500 Nm^{$$-$$2}. If the radius of the drop is 2 mm, the surface tension of liquid is x $$\times$$ 10^{$$-$$3} Nm^{$$-$$1}. The value of x is _____________.