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JEE Mains Previous Years Questions with Solutions

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1

AIEEE 2004

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
The materials suitable for making electromagnets should have
A
high retentivity and low coercivity
B
low retentivity and low coercivity
C
high retentivity and high coercivity
D
low retentivity and high coercivity

Explanation

NOTE : Electro magnet should be amenable to magnetization & demagnetization.

$$\therefore$$ retentivity should be low & coercivity should be low
2

AIEEE 2004

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
Two long conductors, separated by a distance $$d$$ carry current $${I_1}$$ and $${I_2}$$ in the same direction. They exert a force $$F$$ on each other. Now the current in one of them is increased to two times and its direction is reversed. The distance is also increased to $$3d$$. The new value of the force between them is
A
$$ - {{2F} \over 3}$$
B
$${F \over 3}$$
C
$$-2F$$
D
$$ - {F \over 3}$$

Explanation

Force between two long conductor carrying current,

$$F = {{{\mu _0}} \over {4\pi }}{{2{I_1}{I_2}} \over d} \times \ell $$

$$F' = - {{{\mu _0}} \over {4\pi }}{{2\left( {2{I_1}} \right){I_2}} \over {3d}}\ell $$

$$\therefore$$ $${{F'} \over F} = {{ - 2} \over 3}$$
3

AIEEE 2004

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
The length of a magnet is large compared to its width and breadth. The time period of its oscillation in a vibration magnetometer is $$2s.$$ The magnet is cut along its length into three equal parts and these parts are then placed on each other with their like poles together. The time period of this combination will be
A
$$2\sqrt 3 \,s$$
B
$${2 \over 3}\,\,s$$
C
$$2\,s$$
D
$${2 \over {\sqrt 3 }}\,s$$

Explanation

$$T = 2\pi \sqrt {{1 \over {M \times B}}} $$ where $$I = {1 \over {12}}m{\ell ^2}$$

When the magnet is cut into three pieces the pole strength will remain the same and

$$M.{\rm I}.\left( {I'} \right) = {1 \over {12}}\left( {{m \over 3}} \right){\left( {{\ell \over 3}} \right)^2} \times 3 = {I \over 9}$$

We have, Magnetic moment $$(M)$$

$$=$$ Pole strength $$\left( m \right) \times \ell $$

$$\therefore$$ New magnetic moment,

$$M' = m \times \left( {{\ell \over 3}} \right) \times 3 = m\ell = M$$

$$\therefore$$ $$T' = {T \over {\sqrt 9 }} = {2 \over 3}s.$$
4

AIEEE 2004

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
The magnetic field due to a current carrying circular loop of radius $$3$$ $$cm$$ at a point on the axis at a distance of $$4$$ $$cm$$ from the centre is $$54\,\mu T.$$ What will be its value at the center of loop?
A
$$125\,\mu T$$
B
$$150\,\mu T$$
C
$$250\,\mu T$$
D
$$75\,\mu T$$

Explanation

The magnetic field at a point on the axis of a circular loop at a distance $$x$$ from center is,

$$B = {{{\mu _0}i\,{a^2}} \over {2\left( {{x^2} + {a^2}} \right)3/2}}$$ $$\,\,\,\,\,B' = {{{\mu _0}i} \over {2a}}$$

$$\therefore$$ $$B' = {{B.{{\left( {{x^2} + {a^2}} \right)}^{3/2}}} \over {{a^3}}}$$

Put $$x = 4$$ & $$a = 3 \Rightarrow B' = {{54\left( {{5^3}} \right)} \over {3 \times 3 \times 3}} = 250\mu T$$

Questions Asked from Magnetics

On those following papers in MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
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AIEEE 2011 (1)
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AIEEE 2009 (2)
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AIEEE 2006 (3)
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