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IIT-JEE 1978

Subjective
If $$\left( {m\,,\,n} \right) = {{\left( {1 - {x^m}} \right)\left( {1 - {x^{m - 1}}} \right).......\left( {1 - {x^{m - n + 1}}} \right)} \over {\left( {1 - x} \right)\left( {1 - {x^2}} \right).........\left( {1 - {x^n}} \right)}}$$

where $$m$$ and $$n$$ are positive integers $$\left( {n \le m} \right),$$ show that
$$\left( {m,n + 1} \right) = \left( {m - 1,\,n + 1} \right) + {x^{m - n - 1}}\left( {m - 1,n} \right).$$

Solve it.

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