An ideal gas of density $\rho=0.2 \mathrm{~kg} \mathrm{~m}^{-3}$ enters a chimney of height $h$ at the rate of $\alpha=$ $0.8 \mathrm{~kg} \mathrm{~s}^{-1}$ from its lower end, and escapes through the upper end as shown in the figure. The cross-sectional area of the lower end is $A_{1}=0.1 \mathrm{~m}^{2}$ and the upper end is $A_{2}=0.4 \mathrm{~m}^{2}$. The pressure and the temperature of the gas at the lower end are $600 \mathrm{~Pa}$ and $300 \mathrm{~K}$, respectively, while its temperature at the upper end is $150 \mathrm{~K}$. The chimney is heat insulated so that the gas undergoes adiabatic expansion. Take $g=10 \mathrm{~m} \mathrm{~s}^{-2}$ and the ratio of specific heats of the gas $\gamma=2$. Ignore atmospheric pressure.

Which of the following statement(s) is(are) correct?

_{1}and P

_{2}are pressures at points 1 and 2, respectively, located at the base of the tube. Let $$\beta$$ = (P

_{1}$$-$$ P

_{2})/($$\rho$$gd), where $$\rho$$ is density of water, d is the inner diameter of the tube and g is the acceleration due to gravity. Which of the following statement(s) is(are) correct?

_{4}) of different concentrations n

_{1}and n

_{2}(n

_{1}> n

_{2}) molecules per unit volume with $$\Delta $$n = (n

_{1}− n

_{2}) << n

_{1}. When they are connected by a tube of small length l and cross-sectional area S, KMnO

_{4}starts to diffuse from the left to the right vessel through the tube. Consider the collection of molecules to behave as dilute ideal gases and the difference in their partial pressure in the two vessels causing the diffusion. The speed v of the molecules is limited by the viscous force −$$\beta $$v on each molecule, where $$\beta $$ is a constant. Neglecting all terms of the order ($$\Delta $$n)

^{2}, which of the following is/are correct? (k

_{B}is the Boltzmann constant)

_{1}and T

_{2}of different materials having water contact angles of 0$$^\circ $$ and 60$$^\circ $$, respectively. The capillary tube is dipped vertically in water in two different configurations, case I and II as shown in figure. Which of the following option(s) is (are) correct? [Surface tension of water = 0.075 N/m, density of water = 1000 kg/m

^{3}, take g = 10 m/s

^{2}]