1
JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 2 Online
Numerical
+4
-0
One mole of an ideal gas undergoes two different cyclic processes I and II, as shown in the $P-V$ diagrams below. In cycle I, processes $a, b, c$ and $d$ are isobaric, isothermal, isobaric and isochoric, respectively. In cycle II, processes $a^{\prime}, b^{\prime}, c^{\prime}$ and $d^{\prime}$ are isothermal, isochoric, isobaric and isochoric, respectively. The total work done during cycle $\mathrm{I}$ is $W_I$ and that during cycle II is $W_{I I}$. The ratio $W_I / W_{I I}$ is ________.

2
JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 2 Online
Numerical
+3
-0
A cylindrical furnace has height $(H)$ and diameter $(D)$ both $1 \mathrm{~m}$. It is maintained at temperature $360 \mathrm{~K}$. The air gets heated inside the furnace at constant pressure $P_a$ and its temperature becomes $T=360 \mathrm{~K}$. The hot air with density $\rho$ rises up a vertical chimney of diameter $d=0.1 \mathrm{~m}$ and height $h=9 \mathrm{~m}$ above the furnace and exits the chimney (see the figure). As a result, atmospheric air of density $\rho_a=$ $1.2 \mathrm{~kg} \mathrm{~m}^{-3}$, pressure $P_a$ and temperature $T_a=300 \mathrm{~K}$ enters the furnace. Assume air as an ideal gas, neglect the variations in $\rho$ and $T$ inside the chimney and the furnace. Also ignore the viscous effects.

[Given: The acceleration due to gravity $g=10 \mathrm{~m} \mathrm{~s}^{-2}$ and $\pi=3.14$ ]

Considering the air flow to be streamline, the steady mass flow rate of air exiting the chimney is _________ $\mathrm{gm} \mathrm{s}^{-1}$.
3
JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 2 Online
Numerical
+3
-0
A cylindrical furnace has height $(H)$ and diameter $(D)$ both $1 \mathrm{~m}$. It is maintained at temperature $360 \mathrm{~K}$. The air gets heated inside the furnace at constant pressure $P_a$ and its temperature becomes $T=360 \mathrm{~K}$. The hot air with density $\rho$ rises up a vertical chimney of diameter $d=0.1 \mathrm{~m}$ and height $h=9 \mathrm{~m}$ above the furnace and exits the chimney (see the figure). As a result, atmospheric air of density $\rho_a=$ $1.2 \mathrm{~kg} \mathrm{~m}^{-3}$, pressure $P_a$ and temperature $T_a=300 \mathrm{~K}$ enters the furnace. Assume air as an ideal gas, neglect the variations in $\rho$ and $T$ inside the chimney and the furnace. Also ignore the viscous effects.

[Given: The acceleration due to gravity $g=10 \mathrm{~m} \mathrm{~s}^{-2}$ and $\pi=3.14$ ]

When the chimney is closed using a cap at the top, a pressure difference $\Delta P$ develops between the top and the bottom surfaces of the cap. If the changes in the temperature and density of the hot air, due to the stoppage of air flow, are negligible then the value of $\Delta P$ is __________ $\mathrm{N} \mathrm{m}^{-2}$.
4
JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 1 Online
Numerical
+4
-0
A closed container contains a homogeneous mixture of two moles of an ideal monatomic gas $(\gamma=5 / 3)$ and one mole of an ideal diatomic gas $(\gamma=7 / 5)$. Here, $\gamma$ is the ratio of the specific heats at constant pressure and constant volume of an ideal gas. The gas mixture does a work of 66 Joule when heated at constant pressure. The change in its internal energy is _______ Joule.