1
JEE Advanced 2024 Paper 2 Online
Numerical
+4
-0
A spherical soap bubble inside an air chamber at pressure $P_0=10^5 \mathrm{~Pa}$ has a certain radius so that the excess pressure inside the bubble is $\Delta P=144 \mathrm{~Pa}$. Now, the chamber pressure is reduced to $8 P_0 / 27$ so that the bubble radius and its excess pressure change. In this process, all the temperatures remain unchanged. Assume air to be an ideal gas and the excess pressure $\Delta P$ in both the cases to be much smaller than the chamber pressure. The new excess pressure $\Delta P$ in $\mathrm{Pa}$ is ______.
2
JEE Advanced 2024 Paper 1 Online
Numerical
+4
-0

The specific heat capacity of a substance is temperature dependent and is given by the formula $C=k T$, where $k$ is a constant of suitable dimensions in SI units, and $T$ is the absolute temperature. If the heat required to raise the temperature of $1 \mathrm{~kg}$ of the substance from $-73^{\circ} \mathrm{C}$ to $27^{\circ} \mathrm{C}$ is $n k$, the value of $n$ is ________.

[Given: $0 \mathrm{~K}=-273{ }^{\circ} \mathrm{C}$.]

3
JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 2 Online
Numerical
+4
-0
One mole of an ideal gas undergoes two different cyclic processes I and II, as shown in the $P-V$ diagrams below. In cycle I, processes $a, b, c$ and $d$ are isobaric, isothermal, isobaric and isochoric, respectively. In cycle II, processes $a^{\prime}, b^{\prime}, c^{\prime}$ and $d^{\prime}$ are isothermal, isochoric, isobaric and isochoric, respectively. The total work done during cycle $\mathrm{I}$ is $W_I$ and that during cycle II is $W_{I I}$. The ratio $W_I / W_{I I}$ is ________.

4
JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 2 Online
Numerical
+3
-0
A cylindrical furnace has height $(H)$ and diameter $(D)$ both $1 \mathrm{~m}$. It is maintained at temperature $360 \mathrm{~K}$. The air gets heated inside the furnace at constant pressure $P_a$ and its temperature becomes $T=360 \mathrm{~K}$. The hot air with density $\rho$ rises up a vertical chimney of diameter $d=0.1 \mathrm{~m}$ and height $h=9 \mathrm{~m}$ above the furnace and exits the chimney (see the figure). As a result, atmospheric air of density $\rho_a=$ $1.2 \mathrm{~kg} \mathrm{~m}^{-3}$, pressure $P_a$ and temperature $T_a=300 \mathrm{~K}$ enters the furnace. Assume air as an ideal gas, neglect the variations in $\rho$ and $T$ inside the chimney and the furnace. Also ignore the viscous effects.

[Given: The acceleration due to gravity $g=10 \mathrm{~m} \mathrm{~s}^{-2}$ and $\pi=3.14$ ]

Considering the air flow to be streamline, the steady mass flow rate of air exiting the chimney is _________ $\mathrm{gm} \mathrm{s}^{-1}$.