1
JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 2 Online
Numerical
+3
-0
A cylindrical furnace has height $(H)$ and diameter $(D)$ both $1 \mathrm{~m}$. It is maintained at temperature $360 \mathrm{~K}$. The air gets heated inside the furnace at constant pressure $P_a$ and its temperature becomes $T=360 \mathrm{~K}$. The hot air with density $\rho$ rises up a vertical chimney of diameter $d=0.1 \mathrm{~m}$ and height $h=9 \mathrm{~m}$ above the furnace and exits the chimney (see the figure). As a result, atmospheric air of density $\rho_a=$ $1.2 \mathrm{~kg} \mathrm{~m}^{-3}$, pressure $P_a$ and temperature $T_a=300 \mathrm{~K}$ enters the furnace. Assume air as an ideal gas, neglect the variations in $\rho$ and $T$ inside the chimney and the furnace. Also ignore the viscous effects.

[Given: The acceleration due to gravity $g=10 \mathrm{~m} \mathrm{~s}^{-2}$ and $\pi=3.14$ ]

Considering the air flow to be streamline, the steady mass flow rate of air exiting the chimney is _________ $\mathrm{gm} \mathrm{s}^{-1}$.
2
JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 2 Online
Numerical
+3
-0
A cylindrical furnace has height $(H)$ and diameter $(D)$ both $1 \mathrm{~m}$. It is maintained at temperature $360 \mathrm{~K}$. The air gets heated inside the furnace at constant pressure $P_a$ and its temperature becomes $T=360 \mathrm{~K}$. The hot air with density $\rho$ rises up a vertical chimney of diameter $d=0.1 \mathrm{~m}$ and height $h=9 \mathrm{~m}$ above the furnace and exits the chimney (see the figure). As a result, atmospheric air of density $\rho_a=$ $1.2 \mathrm{~kg} \mathrm{~m}^{-3}$, pressure $P_a$ and temperature $T_a=300 \mathrm{~K}$ enters the furnace. Assume air as an ideal gas, neglect the variations in $\rho$ and $T$ inside the chimney and the furnace. Also ignore the viscous effects.

[Given: The acceleration due to gravity $g=10 \mathrm{~m} \mathrm{~s}^{-2}$ and $\pi=3.14$ ]

When the chimney is closed using a cap at the top, a pressure difference $\Delta P$ develops between the top and the bottom surfaces of the cap. If the changes in the temperature and density of the hot air, due to the stoppage of air flow, are negligible then the value of $\Delta P$ is __________ $\mathrm{N} \mathrm{m}^{-2}$.
3
JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 1 Online
Numerical
+4
-0
A closed container contains a homogeneous mixture of two moles of an ideal monatomic gas $(\gamma=5 / 3)$ and one mole of an ideal diatomic gas $(\gamma=7 / 5)$. Here, $\gamma$ is the ratio of the specific heats at constant pressure and constant volume of an ideal gas. The gas mixture does a work of 66 Joule when heated at constant pressure. The change in its internal energy is _______ Joule.
4
JEE Advanced 2021 Paper 2 Online
Numerical
+2
-0
A soft plastic bottle, filled with water of density 1 gm/cc, carries an inverted glass test-tube with some air (ideal gas) trapped as shown in the figure. The test-tube has a mass of 5 gm, and it is made of a thick glass of density 2.5 gm/cc. Initially the bottle is sealed at atmosphere pressure p0 = 105 Pa so that the volume of the trapped air is v0 = 3.3 cc. When the bottle is squeezed from outside at constant temperature, the pressure inside rises and the volume of the trapped air reduces. It is found that the test tube begins to sink at pressure p0 + $$\Delta$$p without changing its orientation. At this pressure, the volume of the trapped air is v0 $$-$$ $$\Delta$$v. Let $$\Delta$$v = X cc and $$\Delta$$p = Y $$\times$$ 103 Pa.

The value of X is _______________.
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