Electrical resistance of certain materials, known as superconductors, changes abruptly from a non-zero value to zero as their temperature is lowered below a critical temperature T_{c}(0). An interesting property of superconductors is that their critical temperature becomes smaller than T_{c}(0), if they are placed in a magnetic field, that is, the critical temperature T_{c}(B) is a function of the magnetic field strength B. The dependence of T_{c}(B) on B is shown in the figure.

In the graph below, the resistance R of a superconductor is shown as a friction of its temperature T for two different magnetic fields B_{1} (solid line) and B_{2} (dashed line). If B_{2} is larger than B_{1} which of the following graphs shows the correct variation of R with T in these fields?

Electrical resistance of certain materials, known as superconductors, changes abruptly from a non-zero value to zero as their temperature is lowered below a critical temperature T_{c}(0). An interesting property of superconductors is that their critical temperature becomes smaller than T_{c}(0), if they are placed in a magnetic field, that is, the critical temperature T_{c}(B) is a function of the magnetic field strength B. The dependence of T_{c}(B) on B is shown in the figure.

A superconductor has T_{c}(0) = 100 K. When a magnetic field of 7.5 T is applied, its T_{c} decreases to 75 K. For this material, one can definitely say that when

STATEMENT 1 : The sensitivity of a moving coil galvanometer is increased by placing a suitable magnetic material as a core inside the coil.

and

STATEMENT 2 : Soft iron has a high magnetic permeability and cannot be easily magnetized or demagnetized.

A magnetic field $$\overrightarrow{\mathrm{B}}=\mathrm{B}_{0} \hat{j}$$ exists in the region $$a < x < 2 a$$ and $$\overrightarrow{\mathrm{B}}=-\mathrm{B}_{0} \hat{j}$$, in the region $$2 a < x < 3 a$$, where $$\mathrm{B}_{0}$$ is a positive constant. A positive point charge moving with a velocity $$\vec{v}=v_{0} \hat{i}$$, where $$v_{0}$$ is a positive constant, enters the magnetic field at $$x=a$$. The trajectory of the charge in this region can be like,