An infinite long hollow conducting cylinder with inner radius R/2 and outer radius R carries a uniform current density along its length. The magnitude of the magnetic field, $$\left| {\overrightarrow B } \right|$$ as a function of the radial distance r from the axis is best represented by

Estimate the wavelength at which plasma reflection will occur for a metal having the density of electrons
N $$ \approx $$ 4 $$ \times $$ 10^{27} m^{-3}. Taking $${{\varepsilon _0}}$$ = 10^{- 11} and m $$ \approx $$ 10^{- 30}, where these quantities are in proper SI units.

A long insulated copper wire is closely wound as a spiral of N turns. The spiral has inner radius a and outer radius b. The spiral lies in the xy-plane and a steady current I flows through the wire. The z-component of the magnetic field at the centre of the spiral is

A thin flexible wire of length L is connected to two adjacent fixed points and carries a current I in the clockwise direction, as shown in the figure. When the system is put in a uniform magnetic field of strength B going into the plane of the paper, the wire takes the shape of a circle. The tension in the wire is