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IIT-JEE 2010 Paper 1 Offline

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

When a particle of mass m moves on the x-axis in a potential of the form V(x) = kx2, it performs simple harmonic motion. The corresponding time period is proportional to $$\sqrt {{m \over k}} $$, as can be seen easily using dimensional analysis. However, the motion of a particle can be periodic even when its potential energy increases on both sides of x = 0 in a way different from kx2 and its total energy is such that the particle does not escape to infinity. Consider a particle of mass m moving on the x-axis. Its potential energy is V(x) = $$\alpha$$x4 ($$\alpha$$ > 0) for | x | near the origin and becomes a constant equal to V0 for (see figure).

If the total energy of the particle is E, it will perform periodic motion only if

A
E < 0
B
E > 0
C
V0 > E > 0
D
E > V0

Explanation

The kinetic energy of the particle cannot be negative. The total energy E is the sum of the kinetic energy K(x) and potential energy V(x) i.e.,

E = K(x) + V(x). ....... (1)

From the given figure, V(x) $$\ge$$ 0 for all x. If E $$\le$$ 0 for some x then kinetic energy K(x) = E $$-$$ V(x) $$\le$$ 0 for those x and hence the motion of the particle is not allowed for those x. On the other hand, if E $$\ge$$ V0 then K(x) = E $$-$$ V(x) $$\ge$$ 0 for all x and particle is allowed to move for all x, including infinity (in this case the particle will escape to infinity). Thus, for the particle to have a periodic motion, V0 > E > 0. In this case, particle is allowed at points where

K(x) = E $$-$$ V(x) = E $$-$$ $$\alpha$$x4 $$\ge$$ 0 i.e.,

| x | $$\le$$ (E/$$\alpha$$)1/4.

2

IIT-JEE 2005 Screening

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
A simple pendulum has time period T1. The point of suspension is now moved upward according to the relation y = Kt2, (K = 1 m/s2) where y is the vertical displacement. The time period now become T2. The ratio of $${{T_1^2} \over {T_2^2}}$$ is (g = 10 m/s2)
A
$${5 \over 6}$$
B
$${6 \over 5}$$
C
1
D
$${4 \over 5}$$
3

IIT-JEE 2001 Screening

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
A particle executes simple harmonic motion between x = - A to x = + A. The time taken for it to go from 0 to $${A \over 2}$$ is T1 and to go from $${A \over 2}$$ to A is T2. Then
A
T1 < T2
B
T1 > T2
C
T1 = T2
D
T1 = 2T2
4

IIT-JEE 2000 Screening

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
The period of oscillation of a simple pendulum of length $$L$$ suspended from the roof of a vehicle which moves without friction down an inclined plane of inclination $$\alpha$$, is given by
A
$$2\pi \sqrt {{L \over {g\cos \alpha }}} $$
B
$$2\pi \sqrt {{L \over {g\sin \alpha }}} $$
C
$$2\pi \sqrt {{L \over g}} $$
D
$$2\pi \sqrt {{L \over {g\tan \alpha }}} $$

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