Water (with refractive index = 4/3) in a tank is 18 cm deep. Oil of refractive index 7/4 lies on water making a convex surface of radius of curvature R = 6 cm as shown. Consider oil to act a thin lens. An object S is placed 24 cm above water surface. The location of its image is at x cm above the bottom of the tank. Then x is __________.

The focal length of a thin biconvex lens is 20 cm. When an object is moved from a distance of 25 cm in front of it to 50 cm, the magnification of its image changes from m_{25} to m_{50}. The ratio $${{{m_{25}}} \over {{m_{50}}}}$$ is __________.

A large glass slab ($$\mu$$ = 5/3) of thickness 8 cm is placed over a point source of light on a plane surface. It is seen that light emerges out of the top surface of the slab from a circular area of radius R cm. What is the value of R?

Image of an object approaching a convex mirror of radius of curvature 20 m along its optical axis is observed to move from $${{25} \over 3}$$ m to $${{50} \over 7}$$ m in 30 s. What is the speed of the object in km per hour?