A disk of radius $${a \over 4}$$ having a uniformly distributed charge 6C is placed in the xy-plane with its centre at ($$-$$a/2, 0, 0). A rod of length a carrying a uniformly distributed charge 8C is placed on the x-axis from x = a/4 to x = 5a/4. Two points charges $$-$$7C and 3C are placed at (a/4, $$-$$a/4, 0) and ($$-$$3a/4, 3a/4, 0), respectively. Consider a cubical surface formed by six surfaces $$x=\pm a/2,y=\pm a/2,z=\pm a/2$$. The electric flux through this cubical surface is

Three concentric metallic spherical shells of radii $$R,2R,3R$$ are given charges $$Q_1,Q_2,Q_3$$, respectively. It is found that the surface charge densities on the outer surfaces of the shells are equal. Then, the ratio of the charges given to the shells, $$Q_1:Q_2:Q_3$$, is