Explain the following in not more than two sentenses.
A solution of FeCl3 in water gives a brown precipitate on standing.
Compound A is a light green crystalline solid. It gives the following tests :
(i) It dissolves in dilute sulphuric acid. No gas is produced.
(ii) A drop of KMnO4 is added to the above solution. The pink colour disappears.
(iii) Compound A is heated strongly. Gases B and C, with pungent smell, come out. A brown residue D is left behind.
(iv) The gas mixture (B and C) is passed into a dichromate solution. The solution turns green.
(v) The green solution from step (iv) gives a white precipitate E with a solution of barium nitrate.
(vi) Residue D from step (iii) is heated on charcoal in a reducing flame. It gives a magnetic substance E.
Name the compounds A, B, C, D and E.
A white amorphous powder (A) on heating yields a colourless, non-combustible gas (B) and a solid (C). The latter compound assumes a yellow colour on heating and changes to white on cooling. (C) dissolves in dilute acid and the resulting solution gives a white precipitate on adding K4Fe(CN)6 solution.
(A) dissolves in dilute HCl with the evolution of gas, which is identical in all respects with (B). The gas (B) turns lime water milky, but the milkiness disappears with the continuous passage of gas. The solution of (A), as obtained above, gives a white precipitate (D) on the addition of excess of NH4OH and passing H2S. Another portion of the solution gives initially a white precipitate (E) on the addition of sodium hydroxide solution, which dissolves on further addition of the base. Identify the compounds (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E).