1.22 g of benzoic acid is dissolved in 100 g of acetone and 100 g of benzene separately. Boiling point of the solution in acetone increases by 0.17 oC, while that in the benzene increases by 0.13oC; Kb for acetone and benzene is 1.7 K kg mol-1 and 2.6 K kg mol-1. Find molecular weight of the benzoic acid in two cases and justify your answer.
To 500 cm3 of water, 3.0 $$\times$$ 10-3 kg of acetic acid is added. If 23% of acetic acid is dissociated, what will be the depression in freezing point? Kf and density of water are 1.86 K kg-1 mol-1 and 0.997 g cm-3, respectively
Nitrobenzene is formed as the major product along with a minor product in the reaction of benzene with a hot mixture of nitric acid and sulphuric acid. The minor product consists of carbon : 42.86 %, hydrogen : 2.40%, nitrogen : 16.67% and oxygen : 38.07% (i) Calculate the empirical formula of the minor product. (ii) When 5.5 g of the minor product is dissolved in 45 g of benzene, the boiling point of the solution is 1.84 oC higher than that of pure benzene. Calculate the molar mass of the minor product and determine its molecular and structural formula. (Molal boiling point elevation constant of benzene is 2.53 K kg mol-1)
A solution of a nonvolatile solute in water freezes at -0.30oC. The vapour pressure of pure water at 298 K s 23.51 mm Hg and Kf for water is 1.86 K kg mol-1. Calculate the vapour pressure of this solution at 298 K.
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