1
IIT-JEE 2000
Subjective
+4
-0
If $$\alpha ,\,\beta$$ are the roots of $$a{x^2} + bx + c = 0$$, $$\,\left( {a \ne 0} \right)$$ and $$\alpha + \delta ,\,\,\beta + \delta$$ are the roots of $$A{x^2} + Bx + c = 0,$$ $$\left( {A \ne 0\,} \right)\,$$ for some contant $$\delta$$, then prove that $${{{b^2} - 4ac} \over {{a^2}}} = {{{B^2} - 4Ac} \over {{A^2}}}$$.
2
IIT-JEE 2000
Subjective
+6
-0
For any positive integer $$m$$, $$n$$ (with $$n \ge m$$), let $$\left( {\matrix{ n \cr m \cr } } \right) = {}^n{C_m}$$
Prove that $$\left( {\matrix{ n \cr m \cr } } \right) + \left( {\matrix{ {n - 1} \cr m \cr } } \right) + \left( {\matrix{ {n - 2} \cr m \cr } } \right) + ........ + \left( {\matrix{ m \cr m \cr } } \right) = \left( {\matrix{ {n + 1} \cr {m + 2} \cr } } \right)$$

Hence or otherwise, prove that $$\left( {\matrix{ n \cr m \cr } } \right) + 2\left( {\matrix{ {n - 1} \cr m \cr } } \right) + 3\left( {\matrix{ {n - 2} \cr m \cr } } \right) + ........ + \left( {n - m + 1} \right)\left( {\matrix{ m \cr m \cr } } \right) = \left( {\matrix{ {n + 2} \cr {m + 2} \cr } } \right).$$.

3
IIT-JEE 2000
Subjective
+6
-0
For every possitive integer $$n$$, prove that
$$\sqrt {\left( {4n + 1} \right)} < \sqrt n + \sqrt {n + 1} < \sqrt {4n + 2}.$$
Hence or otherwise, prove that $$\left[ {\sqrt n + \sqrt {\left( {n + 1} \right)} } \right] = \left[ {\sqrt {4n + 1} \,\,} \right],$$
where $$\left[ x \right]$$ denotes the gratest integer not exceeding $$x$$.
4
IIT-JEE 2000
Subjective
+6
-0
Let $$a,\,b,\,c$$ be possitive real numbers such that $${b^2} - 4ac > 0$$ and let $${\alpha _1} = c.$$ Prove by induction that $${\alpha _{n + 1}} = {{a\alpha _n^2} \over {\left( {{b^2} - 2a\left( {{\alpha _1} + {\alpha _2} + ... + {\alpha _n}} \right)} \right)}}$$ is well-defined and
$${\alpha _{n + 1}} < {{{\alpha _n}} \over 2}$$ for all $$n = 1,2,....$$ (Here, 'well-defined' means that the denominator in the expression for $${\alpha _{n + 1}}$$ is not zero.)
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