1
GATE EE 2010
+2
-0.6
The zero-sequence circuit of the three phase transformer shown in the figure is
A
B
C
D
2
GATE EE 2008
+2
-0.6
Given that: $$\,{V_{s1}} = {V_{s2}} = 1 + j0\,\,p.u,\,\, + ve\,\,$$ sequence impedance are $$\,{Z_{s1}} = {Z_{s2}} = 0.001 + j0.01\,\,p.u\,\,$$ and $${Z_L} = 0.006 + j\,0.06\,\,p.u,\,\,3\phi .\,\,\,$$ Base $$MVA=100,$$ voltage base $$=400$$ $$kV(L-L).$$
Nominal system frequency $$= 50$$ $$Hz.$$ The reference voltage for phase $$'a'$$ is defined as $$\,\,V\left( t \right) = {V_m}\,\cos \left( {\omega t} \right).\,\,\,$$ A symmetrical $$3\phi$$ fault occurs at centre of the line, i.e., at point $$'F'$$ at time 'to' the $$+ve$$ sequence impedance from source $${S_1}$$ to point $$'F'$$ equals $$(0.004 + j \,\,0.04)$$ $$p.u.$$ The wave form corresponding to phase $$'a'$$ fault current from bus $$X$$ reveals that decaying $$d.c.$$ offset current is $$-ve$$ and in magnitude at its maximum initial value. Assume that the negative sequence are equal to $$+ve$$ sequence impedances and the zero sequence $$(Z)$$ are $$3$$ times $$+ve$$ sequence $$(Z).$$

The instant $$\,\left( {{t_0}} \right)\,\,$$ of the fault will be

A
$$4.682$$ $$ms$$
B
$$9.667$$ $$ms$$
C
$$14.667$$ $$ms$$
D
$$19.667$$ $$ms$$
3
GATE EE 2008
+2
-0.6
Given that: $$\,{V_{s1}} = {V_{s2}} = 1 + j0\,\,p.u,\,\, + ve\,\,$$ sequence impedance are $$\,{Z_{s1}} = {Z_{s2}} = 0.001 + j0.01\,\,p.u\,\,$$ and $${Z_L} = 0.006 + j\,0.06\,\,p.u,\,\,3\phi .\,\,\,$$ Base $$MVA=100,$$ voltage base $$=400$$ $$kV(L-L).$$
Nominal system frequency $$= 50$$ $$Hz.$$ The reference voltage for phase $$'a'$$ is defined as $$\,\,V\left( t \right) = {V_m}\,\cos \left( {\omega t} \right).\,\,\,$$ A symmetrical $$3\phi$$ fault occurs at centre of the line, i.e., at point $$'F'$$ at time 'to' the $$+ve$$ sequence impedance from source $${S_1}$$ to point $$'F'$$ equals $$(0.004 + j \,\,0.04)$$ $$p.u.$$ The wave form corresponding to phase $$'a'$$ fault current from bus $$X$$ reveals that decaying $$d.c.$$ offset current is $$-ve$$ and in magnitude at its maximum initial value. Assume that the negative sequence are equal to $$+ve$$ sequence impedances and the zero sequence $$(Z)$$ are $$3$$ times $$+ve$$ sequence $$(Z).$$

The $$rms$$ value of the ac component of fault current $$\,\left( {{{\rm I}_x}} \right)$$ will be

A
$$3.59$$ $$kA$$
B
$$5.07$$ $$kA$$
C
$$7.18$$ $$kA$$
D
$$10.15$$$$kA$$
4
GATE EE 2008
+2
-0.6
Given that: $$\,{V_{s1}} = {V_{s2}} = 1 + j0\,\,p.u,\,\, + ve\,\,$$ sequence impedance are $$\,{Z_{s1}} = {Z_{s2}} = 0.001 + j0.01\,\,p.u\,\,$$ and $${Z_L} = 0.006 + j\,0.06\,\,p.u,\,\,3\phi .\,\,\,$$ Base $$MVA=100,$$ voltage base $$=400$$ $$kV(L-L).$$
Nominal system frequency $$= 50$$ $$Hz.$$ The reference voltage for phase $$'a'$$ is defined as $$\,\,V\left( t \right) = {V_m}\,\cos \left( {\omega t} \right).\,\,\,$$ A symmetrical $$3\phi$$ fault occurs at centre of the line, i.e., at point $$'F'$$ at time 'to' the $$+ve$$ sequence impedance from source $${S_1}$$ to point $$'F'$$ equals $$(0.004 + j \,\,0.04)$$ $$p.u.$$ The wave form corresponding to phase $$'a'$$ fault current from bus $$X$$ reveals that decaying $$d.c.$$ offset current is $$-ve$$ and in magnitude at its maximum initial value. Assume that the negative sequence are equal to $$+ve$$ sequence impedances and the zero sequence $$(Z)$$ are $$3$$ times $$+ve$$ sequence $$(Z).$$

Instead of the three phase fault, if a single line to ground fault occurs on phase $$' a '$$ at point $$' F '$$ with zero fault impedance, then the $$rms$$ of the ac component of fault current $$\left( {{{\rm I}_x}} \right)$$ for phase $$'a'$$ will be

A
$$4.97$$ $$pu$$
B
$$7.0$$ $$pu$$
C
$$14.93$$ $$pu$$
D
$$29.85$$ $$pu$$
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