1
GATE CSE 2008
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
The use of multiple register windows with overlap causes a reduction in the number of memory accesses for
$$1.\,\,\,\,$$ Function locals and parameters
$$2.\,\,\,\,$$ Register saves and restores
$$3.\,\,\,\,$$ Instruction fetches
A
$$1$$ only
B
$$2$$ only
C
$$3$$ only
D
$$1,2$$ and $$3$$
2
GATE CSE 2007
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
Consider a pipelined processor with the following four stages
$$\,\,\,\,\,$$$$IF:$$ Instruction Fetch
$$\,\,\,\,\,$$$$ID:$$ Instruction Decode and Operand Fetch
$$\,\,\,\,\,$$$$EX:$$ Execute
$$\,\,\,\,\,$$$$WB:$$ Write Back

The $$IF, ID$$ and $$WB$$ stages take one clock cycle each to complete the operation. The number of clock cycles for the $$EX$$ stage depends on the instruction. The $$ADD$$ and $$SUB$$ instructions need $$1$$ clock cycle and the $$MUL$$ instruction needs $$3$$ clock cycles in the $$EX$$ stage. Operand forwarding is used in the pipelined processor. What is the number of clock cycles taken to complete the following sequence of instructions?

GATE CSE 2007 Computer Organization - Pipelining Question 26 English
A
$$7$$
B
$$8$$
C
$$10$$
D
$$14$$
3
GATE CSE 2006
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
A CPU has five stages pipeline and runs at $$1$$ $$GHz$$ frequency. Instruction fetch happens in the first stage of the pipeline. A conditional branch instruction computes the target address and evaluates the condition in the third stage of the pipeline. The processor stops fetching new instruction following a conditional branch until the branch outcome is known. A program executes $${10^9}$$ instructions out of which $$20$$% are conditional branches. If each instruction takes one cycle to complete on average, then total execution time of the program is
A
$$1.0$$ second
B
$$1.2$$ seconds
C
$$1.4$$ seconds
D
$$1.6$$ seconds
4
GATE CSE 2005
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
A $$5$$ stage pipelined $$CPU$$ has the following sequence of stages $$IF$$-Instruction fetch from instruction memory, $$RD$$-Instruction decode and register read, $$EX$$-Execute: $$ALU$$ operation for data and address computation, $$MA$$-Data memory access-for write access the register read and $$RD$$ stage it used, $$WB$$-Register write back.

Consider the following sequence of instructions:
$$\eqalign{ & {{\rm I}_1}:L\,R0,\,\,Loc1;\,R0 < \,\, = M\,[Loc1] \cr & {{\rm I}_2}:A\,R0,\,R0;\,\,\,\,\,\,R0 < \,\, = R0 + R0 \cr & {{\rm I}_3}:A\,R2,\,R0;\,\,\,\,\,\,R2 < \,\, = R2 - R0 \cr} $$

Let each stage takes one clock cycle.
What is the number of clock cycles taken to complete the above sequence of instructions starting from the fetch of $${{\rm I}_1}?$$

A
$$8$$
B
$$10$$
C
$$12$$
D
$$15$$
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