width of the plate $$w = 200$$ $$mm,$$ thickness of the plate $$t = 5$$ $$mm,$$ number of rivets $$n = 3,$$ diameter of the rivet $${d_r} = 10\,\,\,mm,$$ diameter of the rivet hole $${d_h} = 11\,\,\,mm,$$ allowable tensile stress of the plate $${\sigma _p} = 200\,\,MPa,$$ allowable shear stress of the rivet $${\sigma _s} = 100\,\,MPa$$ and allowable bearing stress of the rivet $${\sigma _c} = 150\,\,MPa.$$

If the rivets are to be designed to avoid crushing failure, the maximum permissible load $$P$$ in $$k/N$$ is

width of the plate $$w = 200$$ $$mm,$$ thickness of the plate $$t = 5$$ $$mm,$$ number of rivets $$n = 3,$$ diameter of the rivet $${d_r} = 10\,\,\,mm,$$ diameter of the rivet hole $${d_h} = 11\,\,\,mm,$$ allowable tensile stress of the plate $${\sigma _p} = 200\,\,MPa,$$ allowable shear stress of the rivet $${\sigma _s} = 100\,\,MPa$$ and allowable bearing stress of the rivet $${\sigma _c} = 150\,\,MPa.$$

If the plates are to be designed to avoid tearing failure, the maximum permissible load $$P$$ in $$kN$$ is