1
GATE ME 2015 Set 3
Numerical
+2
-0
Steam enters a turbine at $$30bar,$$ $${300^ \circ }C$$ $$\left( {u = 2750\,\,kJ/kg,\,\,h = 2993\,\,kJ/kg} \right)$$ and exits the turbine as saturated liquid at $$15$$ $$kPa$$ $$\left( {u = 225\,\,kJ/kg,\,\,h = 226\,\,kJ/kg} \right)$$.
Heat loss to the surrounding is $$50$$ $$kJ/kg$$ of steam flowing through the turbine. Neglecting changes in kinetic energy and potential energy, the work output of the turbine (in $$kJ/kg$$ of steam) is _____________
2
GATE ME 2008
+2
-0.6
In the figure shown, the system is a pure substance kept in a piston- cylinder arrangement. The system is initially a two- phase mixture containing $$1$$ $$kg$$ of liquid and $$0.03$$ $$kg$$ of vapour at a pressure of $$100kPa.$$ Initially, the piston rests on a set of stops, as shown in the figure. A pressure of $$200kPa$$ is required to exactly balance the weight of the piston and the outside atmospheric pressure. Heat transfer takes place into the system until its volume increases by $$50\%$$. Heat transfer to the system occurs in such a manner that the piston, when allowed to move, does so in a very slow (quasi-static / quasi-equilibrium) process. The thermal reservoir from which heat is transferred to the system as a temperature of $${400^ \circ }C$$. Average temperature of the system boundary can be taken as $${175^ \circ }C.$$ Heat transfer to the system is $$1kJ$$, during which its entropy increases by $$10$$ $$J/K.$$

Specific volume of liquid $$\left( {{v_f}} \right)$$ and vapour $$\left( {{v_g}} \right)$$ phases, as well as values of saturation temperatures, are given in the table below.

The work done by the system during the process is

A
$$0.1$$ $$kJ$$
B
$$0.2$$ $$kJ$$
C
$$0.3$$ $$kJ$$
D
$$0.4$$ $$kJ$$
3
GATE ME 2008
+2
-0.6
In the figure shown, the system is a pure substance kept in a piston- cylinder arrangement. The system is initially a two- phase mixture containing $$1$$ $$kg$$ of liquid and $$0.03$$ $$kg$$ of vapour at a pressure of $$100kPa.$$ Initially, the piston rests on a set of stops, as shown in the figure. A pressure of $$200kPa$$ is required to exactly balance the weight of the piston and the outside atmospheric pressure. Heat transfer takes place into the system until its volume increases by $$50\%$$. Heat transfer to the system occurs in such a manner that the piston, when allowed to move, does so in a very slow (quasi-static / quasi-equilibrium) process. The thermal reservoir from which heat is transferred to the system as a temperature of $${400^ \circ }C$$. Average temperature of the system boundary can be taken as $${175^ \circ }C.$$ Heat transfer to the system is $$1kJ$$, during which its entropy increases by $$10$$ $$J/K.$$

Specific volume of liquid $$\left( {{v_f}} \right)$$ and vapour $$\left( {{v_g}} \right)$$ phases, as well as values of saturation temperatures, are given in the table below.

At the end of the process, which one of the following situations will be true?

A
superheated vapour will be left in the system
B
no vapour will be left in the system
C
a liquid + vapour mixture will be left in the system
D
the mixture will exist at a dry saturate vapour state.
4
GATE ME 2008
+2
-0.6
In the figure shown, the system is a pure substance kept in a piston- cylinder arrangement. The system is initially a two- phase mixture containing $$1$$ $$kg$$ of liquid and $$0.03$$ $$kg$$ of vapour at a pressure of $$100kPa.$$ Initially, the piston rests on a set of stops, as shown in the figure. A pressure of $$200kPa$$ is required to exactly balance the weight of the piston and the outside atmospheric pressure. Heat transfer takes place into the system until its volume increases by $$50\%$$. Heat transfer to the system occurs in such a manner that the piston, when allowed to move, does so in a very slow (quasi-static / quasi-equilibrium) process. The thermal reservoir from which heat is transferred to the system as a temperature of $${400^ \circ }C$$. Average temperature of the system boundary can be taken as $${175^ \circ }C.$$ Heat transfer to the system is $$1kJ$$, during which its entropy increases by $$10$$ $$J/K.$$

Specific volume of liquid $$\left( {{v_f}} \right)$$ and vapour $$\left( {{v_g}} \right)$$ phases, as well as values of saturation temperatures, are given in the table below.

The net entropy generation (considering the system and the thermal reservoir together) during the process is closest to

A
$$7.5$$ $$J/K$$
B
$$7.7$$ $$J/K$$
C
$$8.5$$ $$J/K$$
D
$$10$$ $$J/K$$
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