1
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2015 Cancelled Paper

A device that converts energy of combustion of fuels like hydrogen and methane, directly into electrical energy is known as
A
dynamo
B
Ni-Cd cell
C
fuel cell
D
electrolytic cell

Explanation

A device that converts energy of combustion of fuels, directly into electrical energy is known as fuel cell.
2
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2014

When 0.1 mol MnO$$_4^{2 - }$$ is oxidised the quantity of electricity required to completely oxidise MnO$$_4^{2 - }$$ to MnO$$_4^ - $$ is
A
96500 C
B
2 $$ \times $$ 96500 C
C
9650 C
D
96.50 C

Explanation

$$\mathop {MnO_4^{2 - }}\limits_{0.1\,mole}^{ - 6} $$ $$ \to $$ $$\mathop {MnO_4^ - }\limits^{ - 7} $$ + e-

Quantity of electricity required = 0.1F

= 0.1 × 96500 = 9650 C
3
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2014

The weight of silver (at. wt. = 108) displaced by a quantity of electricity which displaces 5600 mL of O2 at STP will be
A
5.4 g
B
10.8 g
C
54.0 g
D
108.0 g

Explanation

We know, from Faraday’s second law

$${{{W_{Ag}}} \over {{E_{Ag}}}} = {{{W_{{O_2}}}} \over {{E_{{O_2}}}}}$$

$$ \Rightarrow $$ $${{{W_{Ag}}} \over {108}} = {{{{5600} \over {22400}} \times 32} \over 8}$$

$$ \Rightarrow $$ $${{{W_{Ag}}} \over {108}} = {8 \over 8}$$

$$ \Rightarrow $$ $${{W_{Ag}} = 108}$$ g
4
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

NEET 2013

A hydrogen gas electrode is made by dipping platinum wire in a solution of HCl of pH = 10 and by passing hydrogen gas around the platinum wire at one atm pressure. The oxidation potential of electrode would be
A
0.118 V
B
1.18 V
C
0.059 V
D
0.59 V

Explanation

Oxidation half reaction is

H2 $$ \to $$ 2H+ + 2e

If pH = 10, [H+] = 10–10

We know, Nernst Equation

Ecell = E°cell - $${{0.0591} \over 2}\log {{{{\left[ {{H^ + }} \right]}^2}} \over {{P_{{H_2}}}}}$$

For hydrogen electrode E°cell = 0

Ecell = - $${{0.0591} \over 2}\log {{{{\left( {{{10}^{ - 10}}} \right)}^2}} \over 1}$$

= 0.0591log1010

Ecell = 0.591 V

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