1
GATE ME 2000
Subjective
+5
-0
A certain mass of a pure substance undergoes an irreversible process from state $$1$$ to state $$2,$$ the path of the process being a straight line on the $$T$$-$$s$$ diagram. Calculate heat transfer & work done. Some of the properties at the initial and final states are:
$${T_1} = 330\,K,\,\,{T_2} = 440\,K;\,\,{U_1} = 170\,kJ,\,\,$$
$$\,{U_2} = 190\,kJ;\,\,{H_1} = 220{\,_{}}kJ,\,\,{H_2} = 247\,kJ,$$
and $${S_1} = 0.23\,kJ/K$$ and $${S_2} = 0.3\,kJ/K$$ where $$T, U, H$$ and $$S$$ represent temperature, internal energy, enthalpy and entropy respectively.
2
GATE ME 1997
Subjective
+5
-0
Air enters a frictionless adiabatic converging nozzle at $$10$$ bar, $$500$$ $$K$$ with negligible velocity. The nozzle dis-charges to a region at $$2$$ bar. If the exit area of the nozzle is $$2.5\,c{m^2}$$ find the flow rate of air through the nozzle. Assume for air, $${C_p} = 1005\,J/kg\,K$$ and $${C_v} = 718\,J/kg\,K.$$
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