1

### AIPMT 2003

If a full wave rectifier circuit is operating from 50 Hz mains, the fundamental frequency in the ripple will be
A
25 Hz
B
50 Hz
C
70.7 Hz
D
100 Hz

## Explanation

In full wave rectifier the fundamental frequency in ripple is twice of input frequency.
2

### AIPMT 2003

A n-p-n transistor conducts when
A
both collector and emitter are positive with respect to the base
B
collector is positive and emitter is negative with respect to the base
C
collector is positive and emitter is at same potential as the base
D
both collector and emitter are negative with respect to the base

## Explanation

When the collector is positive and emitter is negative with respect to base, it causes the forward biasing for each junction, which causes conduction of current.
3

### AIPMT 2003

Reverse bias applied to a junction diode
A
lowers the potential barrier
B
raises the potential barrier
C
increases the majority carrier current
D
increases the minority carrier current

## Explanation

In reverse bias, the size of the depletion region increases thereby increasing the potential barrier.
4

### AIPMT 2002

For the given circuit of p-n junction diode which is correct

A
in forward bias the voltage across R is V
B
in reverse bias the voltage across R is V
C
in forward bias the voltage across R is 2V
D
in reverse bias the voltage across R is 2V.

## Explanation

In forward biasing, the resistance of p-n junction diode is very low to the flow of current. So practically all the voltage will be dropped across the resistance R, i.e. voltage across R will be V.

In reverse biasing, the resistance of p-n junction diode is very high. So the voltage drop across R is zero.