1
GATE CSE 2018
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
Consider the relations $$r(A, B)$$ and $$s(B, C),$$ where $$s.B$$ is a primary key and $$r.B$$ is a foreign key referencing $$s.B.$$ Consider the query

$$Q:$$ $$\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,$$ $$r$$ $$\,\,\,\,$$ $$\bowtie$$ $$\,\,\,\,$$ $$\left( {{\sigma _{b < 5}}\left( s \right)} \right)$$

Let $$LOJ$$ denote the natural left outer-join operation. Assume that $$r$$ and $$s$$ contain no null values.

Which one of the following queries is NOT equivalent to $$Q$$?

A
$${\sigma _{B < 5}}\left( {r\,\,} \right.$$ $$\bowtie$$ $$\left. {\,\,s} \right)$$
B
$${\sigma _{B < 5}}\left( {r\,\,LOJ\,\,s} \right)$$
C
$$r\,\,LOJ\,\,\left( {{\sigma _{B < 5}}\left( s \right)} \right)$$
D
$${\sigma _{B < 5}}\left( r \right)LOJ\,\,s$$
2
GATE CSE 2015 Set 2
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
Consider two relations $${R_1}\left( {A,B} \right)$$ with the tuples $$(1,5), (3,7)$$ and $${R_2}\left( {A,C} \right) = \left( {1,7} \right),\left( {4,9} \right).$$
Assume that $$R(A,B,C)$$ is the full natural outer join of $${R_1}$$ and $${R_2}$$. Consider the following tuples of the form $$(A,B,C): a = (1,5,null),$$ $$b = (1,null,7),$$ $$c = (3, null, 9),$$ $$d = (4,7,null),$$ $$e = (1,5,7),$$ $$f = (3,7,null),$$ $$g = (4,null,9).$$ Which one of the following statements is correct?
A
$$R$$ contains $$a, b, e, f, g$$ but not $$c, d.$$
B
$$R$$ contains all of $$a, b, c, d, e, f, g.$$
C
$$R$$ contains $$e, f, g$$ but not $$a, b.$$
D
$$R$$ contains $$e$$ but not $$f, g.$$
3
GATE CSE 2014 Set 2
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
Consider a join (relation algebra) between relations r(R)and s(S) using the nested loop method. There are 3 buffers each of size equal to disk block size, out of which one buffer is reserved for intermediate results. Assuming size(r(R)) < size(s(S)), the join will have fewer number of disk block accesses if
A
relation r(R) is in the outer loop.
B
relation s(S) is in the outer loop.
C
join selection factor between r(R) and s(S) is more than 0.5.
D
join selection factor between r(R) and s(S) is less than 0.5.
4
GATE CSE 2014 Set 3
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
Consider the relational schema given below, where eId of the relation dependent is a foreign key referring to empId of the relation employee. Assume that every employee has at least one associated dependent in the dependent relation:

employee (empId, empName, empAge)

dependent (depId, eId, depName, depAge)

Consider the following relational algebra query: $$\Pi_{empId}\:(employee) - \Pi_{empId}\:(employee \bowtie_{(empId=eID) \wedge (empAge \leq depAge)} dependent)$$

The above query evaluates to the set of empIds of employees whose age is greater than that of

A
some dependent.
B
all dependents.
C
some of his/her dependents.
D
all of his/her dependents.
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