1
GATE CSE 2024 Set 2
+2
-0.66

Which one of the following CIDR prefixes exactly represents the range of IP addresses 10.12.2.0 to 10.12.3.255?

A

10.12.2.0/23

B

10.12.2.0/24

C

10.12.0.0/22

D

10.12.2.0/22

2
GATE CSE 2024 Set 1
+2
-0.66

Consider a network path P—Q—R between nodes P and R via router Q. Node P sends a file of size $10^6$ bytes to R via this path by splitting the file into chunks of $10^3$ bytes each. Node P sends these chunks one after the other without any wait time between the successive chunk transmissions. Assume that the size of extra headers added to these chunks is negligible, and that the chunk size is less than the MTU.

Each of the links P—Q and Q—R has a bandwidth of $10^6$ bits/sec, and negligible propagation latency. Router Q immediately transmits every packet it receives from P to R, with negligible processing and queueing delays. Router Q can simultaneously receive on link P—Q and transmit on link Q—R.

Assume P starts transmitting the chunks at time $t = 0$.

Which one of the following options gives the time (in seconds, rounded off to 3 decimal places) at which R receives all the chunks of the file?

A

8.000

B

8.008

C

15.992

D

16.000

3
GATE CSE 2024 Set 1
Numerical
+2
-0.66

Consider the entries shown below in the forwarding table of an IP router. Each entry consists of an IP prefix and the corresponding next hop router for packets whose destination IP address matches the prefix. The notation “/N” in a prefix indicates a subnet mask with the most significant N bits set to 1.

PrefixNext hop router
10.1.1.0/24R1
10.1.1.128/25R2
10.1.1.64/26R3
10.1.1.192/26R4

This router forwards 20 packets each to 5 hosts. The IP addresses of the hosts are 10.1.1.16, 10.1.1.72, 10.1.1.132, 10.1.1.191, and 10.1.1.205 . The number of packets forwarded via the next hop router R2 is _______

4
GATE CSE 2024 Set 1
Numerical
+2
-0.66

Consider sending an IP datagram of size 1420 bytes (including 20 bytes of IP header) from a sender to a receiver over a path of two links with a router between them. The first link (sender to router) has an MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size of 542 bytes, while the second link (router to receiver) has an MTU size of 360 bytes.

The number of fragments that would be delivered at the receiver is ______________