1
GATE CSE 2023
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.67

Consider the two functions incr and decr shown below.


incr() {
  wait(s);
  X = X+1;
  signal(s);
}

decr() {
   wait(s);
   X = X-1;
   signal(s);
}

There are 5 threads each invoking incr once, and 3 threads each invoking decr once, on the same shared variable X. The initial value of X is 10.

Suppose there are two implementations of the semaphore s, as follows:

I-1: s is a binary semaphore initialized to 1.

I-2: s is a counting semaphore initialized to 2.

Let V1, V2 be the values of X at the end of execution of all the threads with implementations I-1, I-2, respectively.

Which one of the following choices corresponds to the minimum possible values of V1, V2, respectively?

A
15, 7
B
7, 7
C
12, 7
D
12, 8
2
GATE CSE 2020
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.67
Each of a set of n processes executes the following code using two semaphores a and b initialized to 1 and 0, respectively. Assume that count is a shared variable GATE CSE 2020 Operating Systems - Synchronization and Concurrency Question 2 English
What does the code achieve?
A
It ensures that all processes execute CODE SECTION P mutually exclusively.
B
It ensures that at most two processes are in CODE SECTION Q at any time.
C
It ensures that no process executes CODE SECTION Q before every process has finished CODE SECTION P.
D
It ensures that at most n-1 processes are in CODE SECTION P at any time.
3
GATE CSE 2013
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
A shared variable x, initialized to zero, is operated on by four concurrent processes W, X, Y, Z as follows. Each of the processes W and X reads x from memory, increments by one, stores it to memory, and then terminates. Each of the processes Y and Z reads x from memory, decrements by two, stores it to memory, and then terminates. Each process before reading x invokes the P operation (i.e., wait) on a counting semaphore S and invokes the V operation (i.e., signal) on the semaphore S after storing x to memory. Semaphore S is initialized to two. What is the maximum possible value of x after all processes complete execution?
A
-2
B
-1
C
1
D
2
4
GATE CSE 2013
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
A certain computation generates two arrays a and b such that a[i]=f(i)for 0 ≤ i < n and b[i] = g (a[i] )for 0 ≤ i < n. Suppose this computation is decomposed into two concurrent processes X and Y such that X computes the array a and Y computes the array b. The processes employ two binary semaphores R and S, both initialized to zero. The array a is shared by the two processes. The structures of the processes are shown below.
Process X:
private i;
for(i = 0; i < n; i++){
 a [i] = f (i);
 Exit X (R, S);
}

Process Y:
private i;
for(i = 0; i < n; i++){
 Entry Y (R, S);
 b [i] = g (a [i] );
}
Which of the following represents the correct implementations of Exit X and Entry Y?
A
Exit X (R, S){
  P(R);
  V(S);
}
Entry Y (R, S){
  P(S);
  V(R);
}
B
Exit X (R, S){
  V(R);
  V(S);
}
Entry Y (R, S){
  P(R);
  P(S);
}
C
Exit X (R, S){
  P(S);
  V(R);
}
Entry Y (R, S){
  V(S);
  P(R);
}
D
Exit X (R, S){
  V(R);
  P(S);
}
Entry Y (R, S){
  V(S);
  P(R);
}
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