1
GATE CSE 2020
Numerical
+2
-0.67
For n > 2, let a {0, 1}n be a non-zero vector. Suppose that x is chosen uniformly at random from {0, 1}n.
Then, the probability that $$\sum\limits_{i = 1}^n {{a_i}{x_i}}$$ is an odd number is _______.
2
GATE CSE 2019
Numerical
+2
-0.67
Suppose Y is distributed uniformly in the open interval (1,6). The probability that the polynomial 3x2 + 6xY + 3Y + 6 has only real roots is (rounded off to 1 decimal place) _____.
3
GATE CSE 2018
Numerical
+2
-0
Two people, $$P$$ and $$Q,$$ decide to independently roll two identical dice, each with $$6$$ faces, numbered $$1$$ to $$6.$$ The person with the lower number wins. In case of a tie, they roll the dice repeatedly until there is no tie. Define a trial as a throw of the dice by $$P$$ and $$Q.$$ Assume that all $$6$$ numbers on each dice are equi-probable and that all trials are independent. The probability (rounded to $$3$$ decimal places) that one of them wins on the third trial is _____.
4
GATE CSE 2018
Numerical
+2
-0
Consider Guwahati $$(G)$$ and Delhi $$(D)$$ whose temperatures can be classified as high $$(H),$$ medium $$(M)$$ and low $$(L).$$ Let $$P\left( {{H_G}} \right)$$ denote the probability that Guwahati has high temperature. Similarly, $$P\left( {{M_G}} \right)$$ and $$P\left( {{L_G}} \right)$$ denotes the probability of Guwahati having medium and low temperatures respectively. Similarly, we use $$P\left( {{H_D}} \right),$$ $$P\left( {{M_D}} \right)$$ and $$P\left( {{L_D}} \right)$$ for Delhi.

The following table gives the conditional probabilities for Delhi’s temperature given Guwahati’s temperature.

HD MD LD
HG 0.40 0.48 0.12
MG 0.10 0.65 0.25
LG 0.01 0.50 0.49

Consider the first row in the table above. The first entry denotes that if Guwahati has high temperature $$\left( {{H_G}} \right)$$ then the probability of Delhi also having a high temperature $$\left( {{H_D}} \right)$$ is $$0.40;$$ i.e., $$P\left( {{H_D}|{H_G}} \right) = 0.40.$$ Similarly, the next two entries are $$P\left( {{M_D}|{H_G}} \right) = 0.48$$ and $$P\left( {{L_D}|{H_G}} \right) = 0.12.$$ Similarly for the other rows.

If it is known that $$P\left( {{H_G}} \right) = 0.2,\,\,$$ $$P\left( {{M_G}} \right) = 0.5,\,\,$$ and $$P\left( {{L_G}} \right) = 0.3,\,\,$$ then the probability (correct to two decimal places) that Guwahati has high temperature given that Delhi has high temperature is _______.

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Programming Languages
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