1
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2011 Prelims

Which of the following is least likely to behave as Lewis base?
A
H2O
B
NH3
C
BF3
D
OH$$-$$

Explanation

The species which have a lone pair of electrons to donate or a negative charge on it can act as a Lewis base. Here, N atom in NH3 and O atom in H2O have lone pair of electrons available for donation. In OH the negative charge on it results in to behave it as a Lewis base. But BF3 is an electron deficient species thus, it is least likely to behave as Lewis base.
2
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2011 Prelims

For the reaction, N2(g) + O2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2NO(g), the equilibrium constant is K1. The equilibrium constant is K2 for the reaction,
2NO(g) + O2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2NO2(g)
What is K for the reaction,
NO2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ $${1 \over 2}$$N2(g) + O2(g)
A
$${1 \over {2{K_1}{K_2}}}$$
B
$${1 \over {4{K_1}{K_2}}}$$
C
$${\left[ {{1 \over {{K_1}{K_2}}}} \right]^{1/2}}$$
D
$${1 \over {{K_1}{K_2}}}$$

Explanation

N2(g) + $${1 \over 2}$$O2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ NO(g),     $${\left( {{K_1}} \right)^{{1 \over 2}}}$$

NO(g) + $${1 \over 2}$$O2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ NO2(g),     $${\left( {{K_2}} \right)^{{1 \over 2}}}$$
---------------------------------------------------
$${1 \over 2}$$N2(g) + O2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ NO2(g)    $${\left( {{K_1}{K_2}} \right)^{{1 \over 2}}}$$

So, for the reverse reaction which is the desired one the value of K will be reciprocal of this value. i.e.

K = $${\left[ {{1 \over {{K_1}{K_2}}}} \right]^{1/2}}$$
3
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2011 Prelims

A buffer solution is prepared in which the concentration of NH3 is 0.30 M and the concentration of NH+4 is 0.20 M. If the equilibrium constant, Kb for NH3 equals 1.8 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$5, what is the pH of this solution? (log 2.7 = 0.43)
A
9.08
B
9.43
C
11.72
D
8.73

Explanation

pOH = pKb + log $${{\left[ {Salt} \right]} \over {\left[ {Base} \right]}}$$

= – log Kb + log $${{\left[ {Salt} \right]} \over {\left[ {Base} \right]}}$$

= – log 1.8× 10–5 + log $${{0.20} \over {0.30}}$$

= 5 – 0.25 + (–0.176) = 4.57

Now, pH = 14 – pOH = 14 – 4.57 = 9.43
4
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2011 Prelims

The value of $$\Delta $$H for the reaction
X2(g) + 4Y2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2XY4(g)
is less than zero. Formation of XY4(g) will be favoured at
A
high temperature and high pressure
B
low pressure and low temperature
C
high temperature and low pressure
D
high pressure and low temperature

Explanation

X2(g) + 4Y2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2XY4(g)

$$\Delta $$ng = -ve and $$\Delta $$H = -ve

As $$\Delta $$H < 0 i.e., the given reaction is exothermic. According to Le-Chatelier principle, for exothermic reaction, forward reaction is favoured when temperature becomes low. Also, there are 5 gaseous moles on reactant side and 2 gaseous moles on products side. So, forward reaction is favoured when pressure of the reaction mixture becomes high. The reason is that at high pressure reaction tends to more in direction where there is lessee number of gaseous moles.

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