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1

NEET 2013 (Karnataka)

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
At 100oC the Kw of water is 55 times its value at 25oC. What will be the pH of neutral solution? (log 55 = 1.74)
A
7.00
B
7.87
C
5.13
D
6.13

Explanation

Kw at 25oC = 1 × 10–14

At 25ºC

Kw = [H+] [OH] = 10–14

At 100°C (given)

Kw = [H+] [OH] = 55 × 10–14

for a neutral solution

[H+] = [OH]

[H+]2 = 55 × 10–14

or [H+] = (55 × 10–14)1/2

pH = – log [H+]

On taking log on both side

– log [H+] = –log (55 × 10–14)1/2

$$ \Rightarrow $$ pH = $${1 \over 2}$$ - log55 - 14log10

$$ \Rightarrow $$ pH = 6.13
2

NEET 2013 (Karnataka)

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
Accumulation of lactic acid (HC3H5O3), a monobasic acid in tissues leads to pain and a feeling of fatigue. In a 0.10 M aqueous solution, lactic acid is 3.7% dissociates. The value of dissociation constant, Ka, for this acid will be
A
1.4 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$5
B
1.4 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$4
C
3.7 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$4
D
2.8 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$4

Explanation

$$\alpha = \sqrt {{{{K_a}} \over c}} $$

$$ \Rightarrow $$ 0.037 = $$\sqrt {{{{K_a}} \over {0.10}}} $$

$$ \Rightarrow $$ Ka = (0.037)2 $$ \times $$ 0.10

= 1.37 ×10–4

$$ \simeq $$ 1.4 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$4
3

NEET 2013

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
Which of these is least likely to act as a lewis base ?
A
BF3
B
PF3
C
CO
D
F$$-$$

Explanation

BF3 acts as Lewis acid. It is electron pair acceptor.
4

NEET 2013

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
KMnO4 can be prepared from K2MnO4 as per the reaction,

3MnO42$$-$$ + 2H2O $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2MnO4$$-$$ + MnO2 + 4OH$$-$$

The reaction can go to completion by removing OH$$-$$ ions by adding
A
CO2
B
SO2
C
HCl
D
KOH

Explanation

KOH is the base thus, it gives OH ions thus it cannot remove OH ions from reaction mixture but it adds on the concentration of OH ions.

So, an acid must be added but if a strong acid is added to the reaction mixture then in acidic condition the MnO4 formed reduces to give Mn2+ thus, HCl which is a strong acid and SO2 which on treating with water forms a strong H2SO4 cannot be used for this purpose.

Thus, CO2 which forms H2CO3 a weak acid reacts to remove OH but not that much acidic that MnO4 undergo reduction. Thus, CO2 is used for this reaction for completion.

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