1
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2011 Prelims

A buffer solution is prepared in which the concentration of NH3 is 0.30 M and the concentration of NH+4 is 0.20 M. If the equilibrium constant, Kb for NH3 equals 1.8 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$5, what is the pH of this solution? (log 2.7 = 0.43)
A
9.08
B
9.43
C
11.72
D
8.73

Explanation

pOH = pKb + log $${{\left[ {Salt} \right]} \over {\left[ {Base} \right]}}$$

= – log Kb + log $${{\left[ {Salt} \right]} \over {\left[ {Base} \right]}}$$

= – log 1.8× 10–5 + log $${{0.20} \over {0.30}}$$

= 5 – 0.25 + (–0.176) = 4.57

Now, pH = 14 – pOH = 14 – 4.57 = 9.43
2
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2011 Prelims

The value of $$\Delta $$H for the reaction
X2(g) + 4Y2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2XY4(g)
is less than zero. Formation of XY4(g) will be favoured at
A
high temperature and high pressure
B
low pressure and low temperature
C
high temperature and low pressure
D
high pressure and low temperature

Explanation

X2(g) + 4Y2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2XY4(g)

$$\Delta $$ng = -ve and $$\Delta $$H = -ve

As $$\Delta $$H < 0 i.e., the given reaction is exothermic. According to Le-Chatelier principle, for exothermic reaction, forward reaction is favoured when temperature becomes low. Also, there are 5 gaseous moles on reactant side and 2 gaseous moles on products side. So, forward reaction is favoured when pressure of the reaction mixture becomes high. The reason is that at high pressure reaction tends to more in direction where there is lessee number of gaseous moles.
3
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2010 Mains

The reaction,
2A(g) + B(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 3C(g) + D(g)
is begun with the concentrations of A and B both at an initial value of 1.00 M. When equilibrium is reached, the concentration of D is measuread and found to be 0.25 M. The value for the equilibrium constant for this reaction is given by the expression
A
[(0.75)3 (0.25)] $$ \div $$ [(1.00)2 (1.00)]
B
[(0.75)3 (0.25)] $$ \div $$ [(0.50)2 (0.75)]
C
[(0.75)3 (0.25)] $$ \div $$ [(0.50)2 (0.25)]
D
[(0.75)3 (0.25)] $$ \div $$ [(0.75)2 (0.25)]

Explanation

2A(g) + B(g) &#8652; 3C(g) + D(g)
Initial mole 1 1 0 0
At equilibrium 1 - (2 $$ \times $$ 0.25)
= 0.5
1 - 0.25
= 0.75
3 $$ \times $$ 0.25
= 0.75
0.25


Equilibrium constant, K = $${{{{\left[ C \right]}^3}\left[ D \right]} \over {{{\left[ A \right]}^2}\left[ B \right]}}$$

$$ \therefore $$ K = $${{{{\left[ {0.75} \right]}^3}\left[ {0.25} \right]} \over {{{\left[ {0.5} \right]}^2}\left[ {0.75} \right]}}$$
4
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2010 Prelims

In which of the following equilibrium Kc and Kp are not equal?
A
2NO(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ N2(g) + O2(g)
B
SO2(g) + NO2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ SO3(g) + NO(g)
C
H2(g) + I2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2HI(g)
D
2C(s) + O2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2CO2(g)

Explanation

As we know, Kp = Kc × (RT)$$\Delta $$ng

So, for reaction having same number of gaseous moles on reactants and products side will have same value of Kc and Kp otherwise their values are different.

For reaction, 2NO(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ N2(g) + O2(g)

$$\Delta $$ng = 2 – 2 = 0

$$ \Rightarrow $$ Kp = Kc × (RT)0

$$ \therefore $$ Kp = Kc

For reaction, SO2(g) + NO2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ SO3(g) + NO(g)

$$\Delta $$ng = 2 – 2 = 0

$$ \Rightarrow $$ Kp = Kc × (RT)0

$$ \therefore $$ Kp = Kc

For reaction, H2(g) + I2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2HI(g)

$$\Delta $$ng = 2 – 2 = 0

$$ \Rightarrow $$ Kp = Kc × (RT)0

$$ \therefore $$ Kp = Kc

For reaction, H2(g) + I2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2HI(g)

$$\Delta $$ng = 2 – 2 = 0

$$ \Rightarrow $$ Kp = Kc × (RT)0

$$ \therefore $$ Kp = Kc

For reaction, 2C(s) + O2(g) $$\rightleftharpoons$$ 2CO2(g)

$$\Delta $$ng = 2 – 3 = -1

$$ \Rightarrow $$ Kp = Kc × (RT)-1

$$ \therefore $$ Kp $$ \ne $$ Kc

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