1
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2009

10 g of hydrogen and 64 g of oxygen were filled in a steel vessel and exploded. Amount of water produced in this reaction will be
A
3 mol
B
4 mol
C
1 mol
D
2 mol

Explanation

H2 + 1/2O2 $$ \to $$ H2O
2 g 16 g 18 g
1 mol 0.5 mol 1 mol
10 g of H2 = 5 mol and 64 g og O2 = 2 mol

$$ \therefore $$ In this reaction, oxygen is the limiting reagent so amount of H2O produced depends on that of O2

Since 0.5 mol of O2 gives 1 mol H2O

$$ \therefore $$ 2 mol of O2 will give 4 mol H2O
2
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2008

What volume of oxygen gas (O2) measuread at 0oC and 1 atm, is needed to burn completely 1 L of propane gas (C3H8) measured under the same conditions ?
A
5 L
B
10 L
C
7 L
D
6 L

Explanation

C3H8 + 5O2 $$ \to $$ 3CO2 + 4H2O (balanced equation)
1 vol. 5 vol. 3 vol. 4 vol.

According to the above equation 1 vol. or 1 litre of propane requires to 5 vol. or 5 litre of O2 to burn completely.
3
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2008

An organic compound contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Its elemental analysis gave C, 38.71% and H, 9.67%. The empirical formula of the compound would be
A
CHO
B
CH4O
C
CH3O
D
CH2O

Explanation

Element % Atomic mass mole ratio simple ratio
C 38.71 12 $${{38.71} \over {12}} = 3.22$$ $${{3.22} \over {3.22}} = 1$$
H 9.67 1 $${{9.67} \over 1} = 9.67$$ $${{9.67} \over {3.22}} = 1$$
O 51.62 16 $${{51.62} \over {16}} = 3.22$$ $${{3.22} \over {3.22}} = 1$$

Hence empirical formula of the compound would be CH3O
4
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2008

How many moles of lead (II) chloride will be formed from a reaction between 6.5 g of PbO and 3.2 g HCl ?
A
0.011
B
0.029
C
0.044
D
0.333

Explanation

PbO + 2HCl $$\to$$ PbCl2 + H2O
n mol 2n mol n mol
$$6.5 \over 224$$ mol $$3.2 \over 36.5$$ mol
0.029 mol 0.087 mol

Formation of moles of lead(II) chloride depends upon the no. of moles of PbO which acts as a limiting reagent here. So no of moles of PbCl2 formed will be equal to the no of PbO (i.e 0.029)

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