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1

AIPMT 2015

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
Which one of the following esters gets hydrolysed most easily under alkaline conditions?
A
B
C
D

Explanation

Among the substituent attached to the benzene ring, –NO2 group is the most electron withdrawing, thus withdraws electron density from carbonyl carbon thus facilitate the attack of OH ion.
2

AIPMT 2015 Cancelled Paper

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
An organic compound 'X' having molecular formula C5H10O yields phenylhydrazone and gives negative response to the iodoform test and Tollens' test. It produces n-pentane on reduction. 'X' could be
A
3-pentanone
B
n-amyl alcohol
C
pentanal
D
2-pentanone

Explanation

As the compound X yields phenyl hydrazone and gives negative response to the iodoform test and Tollen’s test so it must contain a C = O group but neither a methyl ketone nor in aldehyde. Thus, the structure of X will be

3

AIPMT 2015

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
Reaction of a carbonyl compound with one of the following reagents involves nucleophilic addition followed by elimination of water. The reagent is
A
hydrazine in presence of feebly acidic solution
B
hydrocyanic acid
C
sodium hydrogen sulphate
D
a Grignard reagent.

Explanation

Carbonyl compounds react with ammonia derivatives in weakly acidic medium as follows :
4

AIPMT 2015

MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
The oxidation of benzene by V2O5 in the presence of air produces
A
maleic anhydride
B
benzoic acid
C
benzaldehyde
D
benzoic anhydride.

Explanation

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