1
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2006

The appearance of colour in solid alkali metal halides is generally due to
A
interstitial positions
B
F.-centres
C
Schottky defect
D
Frenkel defect

Explanation

F-centres are the sites where anions are missing and instead electrons are present. They are responsible for colours.
2
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2005

In a face-centered cubic lattice, a unit cell is shared equally by how many unit cells?
A
2
B
4
C
6
D
8

Explanation

In given unit cell it is shared equally by six faces of different unit cells.
3
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2004

A compound formed by elements X and Y crystallises in a cubic structure in which the X atoms are at the face-centres. The formula of the compound is
A
XY3
B
X3Y
C
XY
D
XY2

Explanation

X atoms at the corners = $${1 \over 8} \times 8$$ = 1

Y atoms at the face centres = $${1 \over 2} \times 6$$ = 3

Ratio of atoms, X : Y = 1 : 3

Hence, formula is XY3.
4
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)

AIPMT 2003

The pyknometric density of sodium chloride crystal is 2.165 $$ \times $$ 103 kg m$$-$$3 while its X-ray density is 2.178 $$ \times $$ 103 kg m$$-$$3. The fraction of unoccupied sites in sodium chloride crystal is
A
5.96
B
5.96 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$2
C
5.96 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$1
D
5.96 $$ \times $$ 10$$-$$3

Explanation

Molar volume from pyknometric density

= $${M \over {2.165 \times {{10}^3}}}$$ m3

Molar volume from X-ray density

= $${M \over {2.178 \times {{10}^3}}}$$ m3

Volume unoccupied

= $${M \over {{{10}^3}}}\left( {{1 \over {2.165}} - {1 \over {2.178}}} \right)$$ m3

Fraction unoccupied

= $${{\left( {{{0.013M \times {{10}^{ - 3}}} \over {2.165 \times 2.178}}} \right)} \over {\left( {{{M \times {{10}^{ - 3}}} \over {2.165}}} \right)}}$$

= 5.96 $$ \times $$ 10-3

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