1

### AIPMT 2015

A gas such as carbon monoxide would be most likely to obey the ideal gas law at
A
low temperaures and high pressures
B
high temperatures and hgh pressures
C
low temperatures and low pressures
D
high temperature and low pressures.

## Explanation

Real gas shows ideal gas behaviour at high temperature and low pressure.
2

### NEET 2013

Maximum deviation from ideal gas is expected from
A
CH4(g)
B
NH3(g)
C
H2(g)
D
N2(g)

## Explanation

The compressibility factor is the term which is measured for a gas to study its deviation from the ideal behaviour. Compressibility factor,

$Z = {{PV} \over {nRT}}$

Greater is the difference in the value of Z from 1, greater is the deviation of the gas from ideal behaviour.

Among the given molecules, NH3 is easily liquefiable gas which deviates from ideal behaviour to the maximum extent.
3

### NEET 2013 (Karnataka)

What is the density of N2 gas 227oC and 5.00 atm. pressure? (R = 0.082 L atm K$-$1 mol$-$1)
A
1.40 g/mL
B
2.81 g/mL
C
3.41 g/mL
D
0.29 g/mL

## Explanation

PV = nRT

$\Rightarrow$ PV = ${W \over M}RT$

$\Rightarrow$ $P = {W \over M} \times {{RT} \over V}$

$\Rightarrow$$P = {{dRT} \over M}$   [Density = ${{Mass} \over {Volume}}$]

$\Rightarrow d = {{PM} \over {RT}} = {{5 \times 28} \over {0.0821 \times 500}} = 3.41\,g/ml$
4

### AIPMT 2012 Mains

Equal volumes of two monoatomic gases, A and B at same temperature and pressure are mixed. The ratio of specific heats (Cp/Cv) of the mixture will be
A
0.83
B
1.50
C
3.3
D
1.67

## Explanation

Cp for monoatomic gas mixture of same volume = ${5 \over 2}R$

$\therefore$ CV = ${3 \over 2}R$

$\Rightarrow {{{C_P}} \over {{C_V}}} = {{{5 \over 2}R} \over {{3 \over 2}R}} = {5 \over 3} = 1.67$