Fluorine is a stronger oxidising agent than chlorine because :
(a) F-F bond has a low enthalpy of dissociation.
(b) Fluoride ion (F$$-$$) has high hydration enthalpy.
(c) Electron gain enthalpy of fluorine is less negative than chlorine.
(d) Fluorine has a very small size.
Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given :
If first ionization enthalpies of elements X and Y are 419 kJ mol$$-$$1 and 590 kJ mol$$-$$1, respectively and second ionization enthalpies of X and Y are 3069 kJ mol$$-$$1 and 1145 kJ mol$$-$$1, respectively. Then correct statement is :
The IUPAC name of an element with atomic number 119 is
Gadolinium has a low value of third ionisation enthalpy because of