1
GATE CSE 2011
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
Consider an instruction pipeline with four stages $$\left( {S1,\,S2,\,S3,} \right.$$ and $$\left. {S4} \right)$$ each with combinational circuit only. The pipeline registers are required between each stage and at the end of the last stage. Delays for the stages and for the pipeline registers are as given in the figure. GATE CSE 2011 Computer Organization - Pipelining Question 19 English

What is the approximate speed up of the pipeline in steady state under ideal conditions when compared to the corresponding non-pipeline implementation?

A
$$4.0$$
B
$$2.5$$
C
$$1.1$$
D
$$3.0$$
2
GATE CSE 2011
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
On a non-pipelined sequential processor, a program segment, which is a part of the interrupt service routine, is given to transfer $$500$$ bytes from an $${\rm I}/O$$ device to memory. Initialize the address register Initialize the count to $$500$$

$$LOOP:$$ Load a byte from device Store in memory at address given by address register
Increment the address register
Decrement the count
If count! $$=0$$ go to $$LOOP$$

Assume that each statement in this program is equivalent to a machine instruction which takes one clock cycle to execute if it is a non load/store instruction. The load-store instructions take two clock cycles to execute.

The designer of the system also has an alternate approach of using the $$DMA$$ controller to implement the same transfer. The $$DMA$$ controller requires $$20$$ clock cycles for initialization and other overheads. Each $$DMA$$ transfer cycle takes two clock cycles to transfer one byte of data from the device to the memory.

What is the approximate speed up when the $$DMA$$ controller based design is used in place of the interrupt driven program based input- output?

A
$$3.4$$
B
$$4.4$$
C
$$5.1$$
D
$$6.7$$
3
GATE CSE 2011
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+1
-0.3
A computer handles several interrupt sources of which of the following are relevant for this question.

$$ * \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,$$ Interrupt from $$CPU$$ temperature sensor (raises interrupt if $$CPU$$
$$\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,$$ temperature is too high)
$$ * \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,$$ Interrupt from Mouse (raises interrupt if the mouse is moved or a button is
$$\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,$$pressed)
$$ * \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,$$ Interrupt from Keyboard (raises interrupt when a key is pressed or released)
$$ * \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,$$ Interrupt from Hard Disk (raises interrupt when a disk read is completed)

Which one of these will be handled at the $$HIGHEST$$ priority?

A
Interrupt from Hard Disk
B
Interrupt from Mouse
C
Interrupt from Keyboard
D
Interrupt from $$CPU$$ temperature sensor
4
GATE CSE 2011
MCQ (Single Correct Answer)
+2
-0.6
On a non-pipe-lined sequential processor, a program segment, which is a part of the interrrupt service routine, is given to transfer $$500$$ bytes from an $${\rm I}/O$$ device to memory. Initialize the address register Initialize the count to $$500$$
$$LOOP:$$ Load a byte from device Store in memory at address given by address register $$$\eqalign{ & Increment\,\,\,the\,\,\,address\,\,register \cr & Decrement\,\,\,the\,\,count \cr & If\,\,\,count!\,\,\, = 0\,\,\,go\,\,\,to\,\,\,LOOP \cr} $$$

Assume that each statement in this program is equivalent to a machine instruction which takes one clock cycle to execute if it is non- load/store instruction. The load-store instructions take two clock cycles to execute.

The designer of the system also has an alternate approach of using the $$DMA$$ controller to implement the same transfer. The $$DMA$$ controller requires $$20$$ clock cycles for initialization and other overheads. Each $$DMA$$ transfer cycle takes two clock cycles to transfer one byte of data from the device to the memory.

What is the approximate speed up when the $$DMA$$ controller based design is used in place of the interrupt driven program based input-output?

A
$$3.4$$
B
$$4.4$$
C
$$5.1$$
D
$$6.7$$
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